Tag Archives: bad breath liver failure

Bad Breath Liver Failure

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. QUESTION:
    What makes your teeth whiter and helps your breath smell good?
    Are there any good mouth washes or toothpastes that work good and make your teeth whiter? Also what helps with bad breath? Any special mouth wash or toothpaste?
    Thanks!

    • ANSWER:
      Most cases (85–90%), bad breath originates in the mouth itself. The intensity of bad breath differs during the day, due to eating certain foods (such as garlic, onions, meat, fish, and cheese), obesity, smoking, and alcohol consumption. Since the mouth is exposed to less oxygen and is inactive during the night, the odor is usually worse upon awakening ("morning breath"). Bad breath may be transient, often disappearing following eating, brushing one's teeth, flossing, or rinsing with specialized mouthwash.

      Cause's
      1. Tongue
      The most common location is the tongue. Tongue bacteria produce malodorous compounds and fatty acids, and account for 80 to 90 percent of all cases of mouth-related bad breath
      Cleaning the tongue
      The most widely-known reason to clean the tongue is for the control of bad breath. Methods used against bad breath, such as mints, mouth sprays, mouthwash or gum, may only temporarily mask the odors created by the bacteria on the tongue, but cannot cure bad breath because they do not remove the source of the bad breath. In order to prevent the production of the sulfur-containing compounds mentioned above, the bacteria on the tongue must be removed, as must the decaying food debris present on the rear areas of the tongue. Most people who clean their tongue use a tongue cleaner (tongue scraper), or a toothbrush.

      2.Mouth
      There are over 600 types of bacteria found in the average mouth.
      Other parts of the mouth may also contribute to the overall odor, but are not as common as the back of the tongue. These locations are, in order of descending prevalence: inter-dental and sub-gingival niches, faulty dental work, food-impaction areas in between the teeth, abscesses, and unclean dentures.Oral based lesions caused by viral infections like Herpes Simplex and HPV may also contribute to bad breath.

      3.Gum disease
      Advanced periodontal disease is a common cause. Waste products from the anaerobic bacteria growing below the gumline (subgingival) have a foul smell and have been clinically demonstrated to produce a very intense bad breath. Removal of the . tartar or hard plaqueand friable tissue has been shown to improve mouth odor considerably.

      4.Nose
      In this occurrence, the air exiting the nostrils has a pungent odor that differs from the oral odor. Nasal odor may be due to sinus infections or foreign bodies.

      5.Tonsils
      small bits of calcified matter in tonsillar crypts called tonsilloliths that smell extremely foul when released and can cause bad breath.

      6.Stomach
      very uncommon source of bad breath. The esophagus is a closed and collapsed tube, and continuous flow (as opposed to a simple burp) of gas or putrid substances from the stomach indicates a health problem—such as reflux serious enough to be bringing up stomach contents or a fistula between the stomach and the esophagus—which will demonstrate more serious manifestations than just foul odor.

      7.Systemic diseases
      1. Fetor hepaticus: an example of a rare type of bad breath caused by chronic liver failure.
      2. Lower respiratory tract infections (bronchial and lung infections).
      3. Renal infections and renal failure.
      4. Carcinoma.
      5. Diabetes mellitus.

      Management

      1. Gently cleaning the tongue surface twice daily is the most effective way to keep bad breath in control; that can be achieved using a tooth brush, tongue cleaner or tongue brush/scraper to wipe off the bacterial biofilm, debris, and mucus. Scraping or otherwise damaging the tongue should be avoided, and scraping of the V-shaped row of taste buds found at the extreme back of the tongue should also be avoided. Brushing a small amount of antibacterial mouth rinse or tongue gel onto the tongue surface will further inhibit bacterial action.

      2. Eating a healthy breakfast with rough foods helps clean the very back of the tongue.

      3. Chewing gum: Since dry-mouth can increase bacterial buildup and cause or worsen bad breath, chewing sugarless gum can help with the production of saliva, and thereby help to reduce bad breath. Chewing may help particularly when the mouth is dry, or when one cannot perform oral hygiene procedures after meals.

      4. Gargling right before bedtime with an effective mouthwash.

      5. Maintaining proper oral hygiene, including daily tongue cleaning, brushing, flossing, and periodic visits to dentists and hygienists. Flossing is particularly important in removing rotting food debris and bacterial plaque from between the teeth, especially at the gum line.

      Mouthwashes

      Mouthwashes often contain antibacterial agents including cetylpyridinium chloride, chlorhexidine (which can cause temporary staining of the teeth), zinc gluconate, essential oils, and chlorine dioxide. Zinc and chlorhexidine provide strong synergistic effect. They may also contain alcohol, which is a drying agent.

      Thanks,

  2. QUESTION:
    How do I get rid of bad morning breath?
    I wake up every morning with really bad morning breath. The dentist says my teeth are all fine (not rotten or anything) but it's so bad even after I brush my teeth (multiple times throughout the day) it doesn't get any better. I will wake up, brush my teeth, eat breakfast, brush again and it still smells like something died in my mouth! Please does anyone have any tips as how to get rid of my smelly problem!

    • ANSWER:
      Empty stomach, digestive disorders like infection of the digestive tract, constipation and infection of the stomach are some digestion related problems that make up the second most common list of causes of halitosis.

      The other usual suspects are smoking and alcohol

      Other lesser known causes of bad breath include diabetes, uremia, liver failure, chronic chest infections and sinusitis.

      Garlic and curry, and other similarly spiced up foods which basically contain onion, hot peppers and other spices. Spices tend to stay and re-circulate through essential oils they leave in your mouth.

      Cheese – It gets a hold on your breath and doesn’t let it go. Sometimes, other dairy products too are responsible for bad breath.

      While there are plenty of short-term products such as gums and fresheners on the market, most do not last more than a couple of hours and tend to only mask the bad breath rather than address underlying causes.

      For this reason, many people are now turning to natural herbal and homeopathic ingredients such as Kali. Phos, Silica and Sweet Fennel to successfully help them with halitosis. Kali. Phos is well known for its antiseptic and cleansing properties and is effective at addressing putrefactive conditions such as halitosis, foul smelling flatulence and stools.

      Silica works by cleansing the cells of toxins and ridding the body of bad odors, while addressing some of the underlying causes of bad breath such as gum disease, sinus infections and mouth abscess. Lastly, sweet fennel has a long history of use for treating digestion problems and is a popular aid to sweeten the breath.

      You may get more info here http://www.healthherbsandnutrition.com/remedies/h/halitosis.htm

  3. QUESTION:
    How can I deal with my husband's severe illness?
    My husband is very sick with a bad heart, congestive heart failure, chronic kidney failure and liver failure. He is not doing well and was told he will likely not live long at all. I am very sad as he seems to have got bad fast. He is 61. I am only 35 and we have 3 young kids. I am scared because he is my best friend and I don't want to lose him. What can I do to help myself cope and understand what is going on and not be so sad? He used to be so active and now he can't walk but a couple steps without getting out of breath, he has lots of fluid build up in his stomach, they had to stop most of his meds because they said his heart is too weak for them. He is on oxygen and has not been able to have bowel movements without use of laxatives and he is still bloated. We've been married 14 years. I don't want to lose him. I am scared.

    • ANSWER:

  4. QUESTION:
    What causes the rotting beer smell on some alcoholics and not others?
    I dated someone who was an alcoholic. They never had a “smell” before, but in the last year of are relationship they started to reek of decomposing beer. (I only know that it was decomposing beer because my ex left a half-empty can at my house and I dumped it on my compost pile and two days later my compost pile smelled like them.) The smell would sometimes be so bad that I would have to turn on a fan after my ex had left to get the smell out of my room. I am just curious, did my ex start metabolizing it differently (switched to a vegetarian diet around last January) or is their body starting to have problems breaking down the alcohol, like the beginning stages of liver failure? I am very curious because I although I have known alcoholics, I have never known one who smelled like rotten beer. My ex had good hygiene, wore deodorant . . .etc, but this smell permeated everything, it was almost as if it were inside them, their breath, their skin, everything.

    • ANSWER:
      It's the alcohol coming out her pours. I'm going to send you some links so you know more about what is happening to her.

      www.alcoholism.about.com/
      www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/alcoholism.html
      www.mayoclinic.com/health/alcoholism
      www.emedicinehealth.com
      www.niaaa.nih.gov/

      These all have information that you could benefit from. Information, Q & A dealing with it. Good luck.

      I hope this helps you.

  5. QUESTION:
    How do you know if your breath stinks?
    brush my teeth all the time, every 6 months to dentist, floss and use mouth wash. at times breath is not too pleasant. How do you know what the cause for the bad breath and sometimes cant smell it but others can , is there a self test for breath?

    • ANSWER:
      u should ask for consult since halitosis (bad breath) may be a manifestation of an underlying problem

      anyway...
      Following is a list of causes or underlying conditions that could possibly cause Halitosis includes:

      Practical reasons for bad breath odor include:
      Certain foods
      Alcohol
      Smoking
      Psychogenic halitosis - anxiety about halitosis often without actually having it.
      Halitosis
      Dental conditions
      Poor dental hygiene
      Dental disorders
      Tooth decay
      Dental plaque
      Tooth abscess
      Tooth infections (type of Dental conditions)
      Gingivitis
      Gum disease
      Periodontitis
      Dentures
      Mouth conditions
      Dry mouth
      Mouth breathing (see Breathing symptoms)
      Inadequate saliva
      Mouth ulcers
      Oral cancer
      Pharynx cancer
      Larynx cancer
      Throat conditions (type of Neck conditions)
      Reflux
      GERD
      Throat infection
      Tonsillitis
      Chronic tonsillitis
      Adenoiditis
      Pharyngeal pouch
      Achalasia
      Esophageal stricture
      Nasal conditions
      Chronic sinusitis
      Atrophic rhinitis
      Postnasal drip
      Catarrh
      Certain infections of the respiratory system including:
      Respiratory tract infections
      Mouth infection
      Lung infection
      Sinusitis
      Postnasal drip
      Catarrh
      Certain lung diseases
      Certain chronic lung diseases
      Pyorrhea alveolaris
      Bronchiectasis
      Cystic fibrosis
      Lung abscess
      Tuberculosis
      Certain metabolic or hormonal disorders:
      Liver disorders
      Liver failure - causes sweet-smelling breath.
      Acidosis
      Diabetes
      Diabetic ketoacidosis - a life-threating condition causing a characteristic fruity or acetone breath odor.
      Uremia - breath smells urine-like or ammonia-like.
      Kidney failure - causing uremia and ammonia-like or urine-like breath odor.
      Stomach disorders
      Certain types of poisoning
      Certain drugs
      See also symptoms of bad breath
      More causes: see full list of causes for Halitosis

      ▲TopCauses of Halitosis (Diseases Database):
      The follow list shows some of the possible medical causes of Halitosis that are listed by the Diseases Database:

      Esophageal pouch
      Dentures
      Arsenicals
      Pharyngeal pouch
      Methionine adenosyltransferase deficiency
      Alveolar osteitis
      Zenker's diverticulum
      Cysteamine
      Vincent's angina
      Arsenic trioxide
      Garlic
      Dental sepsis
      Thallium
      Diabetic ketoacidosis
      Source: Diseases Database
      ▲TopCauses of Halitosis: Online Medical Books
      16 MEDICAL BOOKS ONLINE! Review the full text of medical books online, free, without registration, for more information about the causes of Halitosis.

      Halitosis: Differential Diagnosis
      (In a Page: Signs and Symptoms)

      Head and neck etiologies
      –Foods (e.g., onion, garlic)
      –Dental conditions (periodontal disease, gingivitis, denture odor, dental abscesses, food particles not cleaned from teeth)
      –Postnasal drip
      –Dry mouth (xerostomia): Mouth breathing, side effect of medications, salivary gland disease, dehydration
      –Nasal foreign body
      –Gastroesophageal reflux disease
      –Chronic sinusitis
      –Allergic rhinitis
      –Tonsillar disease (e.g., streptococcal pharyngitis)
      –Zenker's (pharyngoesophageal) diverticulum: Presents as dysphagia, regurgitation, cough, and extreme halitosis
      –Tobacco or alcohol use
      Systemic etiologies
      –Diabetes mellitus, especially with ketoacidosis
      –Uremia
      –Pulmonary disorders (e.g., bronchiectasis, pneumonia, neoplasms, tuberculosis)
      –Trimethylaminuria (fishy breath odor)
      –Liver failure (fetor hepaticus)
      –Menstruation may exacerbate halitosis

  6. QUESTION:
    how do i get good smelling breath without having to pay for fancy perfumes or other expencive products?
    how do i get good smelling breath without having to pay for fancy perfumes or other expensive products? i brush my teeth twice a day, brush my tongue everytime i brush my teeth, and i use mouth wash but i still have bad breath what shoud i do?

    • ANSWER:
      I hope breath-mints solve the problem.
      If it doesn't work I hope it's nothing serious or medical.

      Please don't shoot the messenger.
      You are doing some of the right things, however, you probably need to do them better by properly brushing your teeth with toothpaste 2-3 times daily. A possible missed area, major cause (among many other hard to reach areas) of halitosis (bad breath) is the top of the tongue, especially the back section where bacteria grow and causes bad breath. Use an OraBrush or similar tongue cleaner and to clean your tongue every time you brush. Cleaning your tongue with a toothbrush is not as good. Use Listerine mouthwash or similar antiseptic mouthwash twice a day. Properly floss at least once a day. And see you dentist 2-4 times a year for a professional dental cleaning.
      Once you find out the root of the problem, it will give you the coolness to be around those you love.
      Professional dental cleaning is essential to remove dental plaque that bacteria grows more rapidly from various causes that may have been missed; that can cause irritation of the gums around the teeth (see source below) that could lead to gingivitis, periodontal disease and tooth loss. Bacteria are frequently the cause of bad breath, a first indicator of more possible problems. For example bacteria will leads to tarter built up on the teeth. Tarter build up calcifies (making another hard to clean area) allowing bacteria to invade, causing red swollen gums, yellow or brown discoloration of the teeth (esp. the molars), tooth loss, cracked teeth, bleeding gums, and septicemia (bacterial infection which gets into the blood stream) which leads to kidney, liver, and heart failure.
      However, if you have deep gingival pockets (deeper than 4 mm) than home rinses or brushing will not work because it cannot penetrate deep enough into the pockets to eliminate the bacteria at the bottom of the pocket. Tooth brushing and flossing cleanses about 1.5 mm below the gum-line if done very well. Mouth rinses do not penetrate deep pockets greater than 2 mm.
      Therefore, to remove bacteria in deep pockets; you must get a deep cleaning from your dentist.
      A combination of part of the above, is the key.

  7. QUESTION:
    Why does bad breath come from mouth, when some people speak, but it does not happen with others?
    Is it related to dental problem or speech problems? What is remedy? Because of this problem, people take shelter in smoking, chewing masala or gutka or pan parag or things like this.

    • ANSWER:
      Bad breath, sometimes called halitosis, is an unpleasant odor of the breath. Bad breath is likely to be experienced by most adults at least occasionally. Bad breath, either real or imagined, can have a significant impact on a person's social and professional life.

      Accumulation of plaque on the teeth is a major cause of bad breath. Plaque is a mucus film that mixes with food particles, saliva, and bacterial residue in the mouth. Bad breath can also be caused by any number of other problems. These include sores in the mouth, infected tonsils, tooth or gum disease, fermentation of food particles in the mouth, sinus infections, and badly cleaned dentures. Conditions that may cause bad breath are not only limited to the oral and nasal areas. Other possible sources of the problem might be indigestion, lung infection, kidney failure, tuberculosis, syphilis, liver disease, stomach and intestinal problems, stress, dehydration, zinc deficiency, and cancer.

      Cigarette smoking can also lead to bad breath, not only in the smoker, but also in someone constantly exposed to secondhand smoke. A diet high in fats, spicy foods, or one that includes coffee may contribute to un-pleasant breath odors. Medications causing dry mouth or dehydration may also be a source of problems, since the flow of saliva helps clean out the mouth. Antihistamines, decongestants, antidepressants, anti-anxiety medications, diuretics, and some heart medications may have a dehydrating effect, and could be a cause of bad breath.

      A healthy diet, high in fresh fruits and vegetables and whole grains, should be eaten for preventing this bad breath. Processed foods such as sugar and white bread and grains contribute to plaque formation and should be avoided. Spicy foods such as onions, peppers, garlic, pastrami, salami, pepperoni, anchovies, and others should be avoided. Plenty of water should be consumed throughout the day to avoid dehydration and dry mouth. Water should be consumed after taking any food or drink to wash away residues that may accumulate with plaque.-

  8. QUESTION:
    Why do we get bad breath in the morning?
    Everytime people wake up, mouth literally has unpleasant smell to it. What's happening chemically?

    • ANSWER:
      And can anything be invented to prevent morning breath! Actually I think this is caused by gas in our stomache. Pretty disgusting.

      From the Mayo Clinic

      Eating foods containing volatile oils is another source of bad breath. Onions and garlic are the best known examples, but other vegetables and spices also can cause bad breath. After these foods are digested and the pungent oils are absorbed into your bloodstream, they're carried to your lungs and are given off in your breath until the food is eliminated from your body.

      Alcohol behaves in the same fashion, allowing the measurement of alcohol levels by breath tests. Alcohol itself has almost no odor, however. The characteristic smell on your breath is mainly the odor of other components of the beverage.

      Dental problems. Poor dental hygiene and periodontal disease can be a source of bad breath. If you don't brush and floss daily, food particles remain in your mouth, collecting bacteria and emitting hydrogen sulfur vapors. A colorless, sticky film of bacteria (plaque) forms on your teeth.

      If not brushed away, plaque can irritate your gums (gingivitis) and cause tooth decay. Eventually, plaque-filled pockets can form between your teeth and gums (periodontitis), worsening this problem — and your breath. Dentures that aren't cleaned regularly or don't fit properly also can harbor odor-causing bacteria and food particles.

      Dry mouth. Saliva helps cleanse and moisten your mouth. A dry mouth enables dead cells to accumulate on your tongue, gums and cheeks. These cells then decompose and cause odor. Dry mouth naturally occurs during sleep. It's what causes "morning breath." Dry mouth is even more of a problem if you sleep with your mouth open. Some medications as well as smoking can lead to a chronic dry mouth, as can a problem with your salivary glands.
      Diseases. Chronic lung infections and lung abscesses can produce very foul-smelling breath. Several other illnesses can cause a distinctive breath odor. Kidney failure can cause a urine-like odor, and liver failure may cause an odor described as "fishy." People with uncontrolled diabetes often have a fruity breath odor. Chronic reflux of stomach acids from your stomach (gastroesophageal reflux disease, or GERD) and a slight protrusion of the stomach into the chest cavity (hiatal hernia) also can produce bad breath.
      Mouth, nose and throat conditions. Bad breath is also associated with sinus infections because nasal discharge from your sinuses into the back of your throat can cause mouth odor. A child with bad breath may have a foreign object lodged in his or her nose. A bean or small item stuck in the nose can cause persistent nasal discharge and a foul odor. Strep throat, tonsillitis and mononucleosis can cause bad breath until the throat infection clears. Bronchitis and other upper respiratory infections in which you cough up odorous sputum are other sources of bad breath. Canker sores may be related to bad breath, especially if they accompany periodontal disease.
      Tobacco products. Smoking dries out your mouth and causes its own unpleasant mouth odor. Tobacco users are also more likely to have periodontal disease, an additional source of bad breath.
      Severe dieting. Dieters may develop unpleasant "fruity" breath from ketoacidosis, the breakdown of chemicals during fasting.

  9. QUESTION:
    When you starve when does your body start shutting down organs?
    I'm on a one meal a day diet, but still never going over 300 or 400 calories. I am 5'1" 121lbs, 15 and female. I want to be at 95lbs. I was just wondering if my body will shut down organs or something? Or destroy my organs?
    I actually want to do the ABC Diet, but...I'm afraid that this is going to happen.
    Please don't say anything bad about the diet, I'm being serious here.
    And please don't just say 'yes you will destroy your organs' just because you don't want me to do the diet. I want legit answers please. And I'm talking about both diets, if my body will destroy an organ or something.
    And while I am at it how long will it take me to reach my goal eating a meal a day and not going over 300-400 calories? And on the ABC Diet? I would only eat fruits and veggies and stuff... Plus I naturally get 10 glasses of water a day and drink green tea frequently. And exercise too.

    • ANSWER:
      its a gradual process, but it does happen if you starve yourself long enough.
      within the first day, your body will use up all the glucose thats readily available from what you've eaten. glucose is your bodies primary source for energy.
      after 24 hours, glucose is all gone and your body begins to take glycogen stored in your liver and muscles, and converts it to glucose for energy.
      after 72 hrs, glycogen is also gone, so your body begins to convert body fat to glucose for energy. this glucose is enough for your body, but not the brain. your brain doesnt run on glucose alone, it needs more. So your body also begins to break down muscle to produce ketones to feed your brain. by day 4. 70% of your brains energy is coming from ketones. You will know when your body is in ketosis because this process produces a gas that causes you to have bad breath and you will notice your urine is darker and has a weird sweet smell to it.
      at this point your body is under tremendous stress, your metabolism has slowed to low gear in order to conserve resources. You will feel constantly tired and may notice a weakening of your large muscles in your arms and legs. normal activity is still possible, but strenuous activity wont be because this process is too slow to produce the energy needed for it, so you may become dizzy or lightheaded if you work to hard. Your body is not in a fully functional state at this points so it begins to selectively disregard certain normal functions to conserve resources. Your hormonal functions are put in a stop-start mode where they only function selectively which can cause hormonal imbalance. Growth and development is halted, and puberty is stopped. your reproductive process is also stopped, so if you stay in starvation mode for 2 weeks or more you will notice this because your normal menstrual cycle will be delayed ro will be skipped entirely sometimes.
      If you continue to starve at this point, your body will continue to use its fat for energy and break down muscle to feed the brain. you can stay in this mode as long as there is fat for your body to use. But once all fat is depleted then your body starts to break down muscle at a rapid pace to use as its primary source of energy, and organs are made of muscle... so after enough time of being broken down they may begin to fail as some point. Extended periods of starvation will also weak the bones as calcium and other vital nutrients stored there begin to be used up.
      Its not an immediate process, but this is how it goes... how long it takes for a person to reach the organ failure point really depends on them, how much fat stores they have, how active they are during the process which can excelerate the process, and their general health to begin with.
      I would recommend you stay away from starvation diets. Its just not work the risk. Even a week in starvation is enough to get you missing your periods and getting the ketosis breath.
      a healthy range for dieting is 1200-1500 calories. anything less than 1000 cals will put you into starvation mode. and if you want more rapid results, just work out more to speed up the weight lose.
      a low cal diet and a good workout routine is a much healthier way to loose weight, and its always a healthier option to go more hardcore with the workouts and eat right, than to starve.

  10. QUESTION:
    What causes these syptoms in dogs- bloody diarhea/vomit, heavy water intake, restlessness, bad breath?
    Tests for Parvo and antifreeze were negative, she had dead animal bones in her belly. Her kidney levels were elevated. Her internal temperature was normal, but her feet, ears, and nose were cold. She was also dehydrated even though she was drinking water exessively. The vet has kept her on fluids through an IV which has helped tremendously, however they don't know exactly what caused this. Any ideas?

    • ANSWER:
      Kidney failure is a possibility but cannot be diagnosed from a blood test result of elevated renal parameters alone- dehydration also causes these to increase, so it is necessary to look at the concentration of the urine as well. A dog that is dehydrated can concentrate its urine, a dog with kidney failure cannot. Do you know if they took a urine sample from her before they put her on the IV?

      The cold feet, ears and nose are secondary to her being dehydrated and probably in a degree of shock as a result.

      Really, her symptoms could potentially be due to a large number of causes, and it's hard to point in any particular direction without more information. Did the vet give you the full results of her blood test, or just that her kidney levels were high? If they did, and you're able to post them here, that would be helpful. I'd be interested to know what her liver enzymes were like, and her electrolyte levels if the vets were able to do them (quite a few clinics still have to send samples away for this). It could be a primary gastrointestinal issue, it could be a toxicity as other people have said, but another condition that springs to mind is hypoadrenocorticism (Addisons disease). There may well be other things the vet knows about her case that have allowed them to rule this out, but based on the information you've given us here, I'd be ranking it fairly high on my list of possibles.

      I hope that she makes a full recovery regardless of what is causing her illness. Feel free to email if I can be of any more help.

  11. QUESTION:
    What causes these syptoms in dogs- bloody diarhea/vomit, heavy water intake, restlessness, bad breath?
    Tests for Parvo and antifreeze were negative, she had dead animal bones in her belly. Her kidney levels were elevated. Her internal temperature was normal, but her feet, ears, and nose were cold. She was also dehydrated even though she was drinking water exessively. The vet has kept her on fluids through an IV which has helped tremendously, however they don't know exactly what caused this. Any ideas?

    • ANSWER:
      Kidney failure is a possibility but cannot be diagnosed from a blood test result of elevated renal parameters alone- dehydration also causes these to increase, so it is necessary to look at the concentration of the urine as well. A dog that is dehydrated can concentrate its urine, a dog with kidney failure cannot. Do you know if they took a urine sample from her before they put her on the IV?

      The cold feet, ears and nose are secondary to her being dehydrated and probably in a degree of shock as a result.

      Really, her symptoms could potentially be due to a large number of causes, and it's hard to point in any particular direction without more information. Did the vet give you the full results of her blood test, or just that her kidney levels were high? If they did, and you're able to post them here, that would be helpful. I'd be interested to know what her liver enzymes were like, and her electrolyte levels if the vets were able to do them (quite a few clinics still have to send samples away for this). It could be a primary gastrointestinal issue, it could be a toxicity as other people have said, but another condition that springs to mind is hypoadrenocorticism (Addisons disease). There may well be other things the vet knows about her case that have allowed them to rule this out, but based on the information you've given us here, I'd be ranking it fairly high on my list of possibles.

      I hope that she makes a full recovery regardless of what is causing her illness. Feel free to email if I can be of any more help.

  12. QUESTION:
    What are the health risks for being too skinny, and too fat? and how do they affect your daily like style?
    explain the health risks for both anorexia and overweight,. which one is worse and how do both disease affect your daily lifetsyle?

    thankss.

    • ANSWER:
      Anorexia/Anorexia nervosa
      The term anorexia denotes a loss of appetite. If a person is lacking a drive to eat through a non-mental health standpoint, the person has anorexia. Many people, when they are ill, have anorexia. Extreme/long term anorexia follows the same disease process as anorexia nervosa. Anorexia nervosa is the mental health term used as a diagnosis of a person with a willful desire to not eat in order to be skinny. The person with anorexia nervosa will always see themselves as fat no matter if they are grossly malnourished and void of adipose (fat) and muscle mass. These people are at an extreme risk of death, even in treatment. While suffering from the mental illness, they are depleting all stores of energy. The body will first use the sugar stored in the body and made in the liver by glycogenesis. Then the body will turn to the metabolism of protein, often found in muscle. After the protein stores are exhausted, the body turns to the fat to metabolize. This is why many ‘diets’ fail due to the fact that the fact that the body utilizes the fat stores last. Throughout this process of the body metabolizing itself, the kidneys are working to excrete the nitrogenous wastes from the protein and the ketones from the fat breakdown. Ultimately, the kidney fail and the person may need to resort to dialysis. The liver is also attempting to keep the body in homeostasis by filtering the blood of the byproducts of the breakdown of tissue. The liver will fail and will result in cirrhosis, needing to be replaced. The gastrointestinal tract will atrophy and the normal flora will escape it confines and be released into the systemic circulation causing sepsis. Sepsis is a whole other disease process with a high mortality rate. The heart is depleted of its energy reserves and becomes weak, which can lead to heart failure and cardiogenic shock. The brain, which uses a vast amount of sugar to operate, slows and is unable to regulate normal body function. This is why if a person’s blood sugar falls too low, they generally act drunk – slurring words, stumbling, incomplete thoughts, and such. If a person is brought into treatment for anorexia nervosa care must be taken not to cause refeeding syndrome. This is a potentially fatal process that occurs when the patient is fed too much too quickly causing an influx of electrolytes and hormones.
      Overweight/Obesity
      Excess body fat can cause numerous health issues from type 2 diabetes to heart failure. Type 2 diabetes happens when the insulin producing cells of the pancreas are decreased in number or the body’s general cells become resistant to the effects of the insulin. This may cause an increase in blood glucose (sugar) and may lead to hyperosmolar hyperglycemic non-ketotic syndrome (HHNS) where the blood glucose level is extremely elevated, sometimes up to 900 mg/dL as opposed to the normal range of 70 – 100 mg/dL. This is a life threatening situation which requires hospitalization. People with HHNS will have polyphagia (extremely hungry), polydipsia (extremely thirsty), and polyuria (excessive urination) due to the physiological need to replenish reserves, dilute the sugar, and excrete the excess sugar, respectively. In obesity, cirrhosis of the liver may result as it attempts to store fat and filter toxic substances from the blood. The heart becomes overloaded due to the miles of extra blood capillaries needed to feed the excess fat tissue. This will lead to heart failure which in turn floods the lungs with excess blood causing atelectasis, shortness of breath, and possible syncope due to inadequate oxygenation of blood. The heart and arteries fill with plaque causing atherosclerosis that may lead to a myocardial infarction (MI/heart attack) or stroke. The kidneys may fail due to the decrease in blood supply and exhaustion from filtering the blood.
      Summary
      All in all, being too skinny or too fat is unhealthy. Neither is better or worse. Both lead to a substandard quality of life whether it is minor inconveniences or major heath disparities. This is a simple overview of a few specific disease processes that are involved with being outside a healthy weight. If further information is desired, a true medical textbook or dictionary is recommended.

  13. QUESTION:
    Do people with extremely foul breath not know?
    Some people have such bad breath.I'm not saying it to be insulting but literally poop breath., and they talk straight in your face.do they not notice it or not care.and what causes it cuz even clean people with seemingly good hygiene have the WORST POOP breath.

    • ANSWER:
      Most cases (85–90%), bad breath originates in the mouth itself. The intensity of bad breath differs during the day, due to eating certain foods (such as garlic, onions, meat, fish, and cheese), obesity, smoking, and alcohol consumption. Since the mouth is exposed to less oxygen and is inactive during the night, the odor is usually worse upon awakening ("morning breath"). Bad breath may be transient, often disappearing following eating, brushing one's teeth, flossing, or rinsing with specialized mouthwash.

      Cause's
      1. Tongue
      The most common location is the tongue. Tongue bacteria produce malodorous compounds and fatty acids, and account for 80 to 90 percent of all cases of mouth-related bad breath
      Cleaning the tongue
      The most widely-known reason to clean the tongue is for the control of bad breath. Methods used against bad breath, such as mints, mouth sprays, mouthwash or gum, may only temporarily mask the odors created by the bacteria on the tongue, but cannot cure bad breath because they do not remove the source of the bad breath. In order to prevent the production of the sulfur-containing compounds mentioned above, the bacteria on the tongue must be removed, as must the decaying food debris present on the rear areas of the tongue. Most people who clean their tongue use a tongue cleaner (tongue scraper), or a toothbrush.

      2.Mouth
      There are over 600 types of bacteria found in the average mouth.
      Other parts of the mouth may also contribute to the overall odor, but are not as common as the back of the tongue. These locations are, in order of descending prevalence: inter-dental and sub-gingival niches, faulty dental work, food-impaction areas in between the teeth, abscesses, and unclean dentures.Oral based lesions caused by viral infections like Herpes Simplex and HPV may also contribute to bad breath.

      3.Gum disease
      Advanced periodontal disease is a common cause. Waste products from the anaerobic bacteria growing below the gumline (subgingival) have a foul smell and have been clinically demonstrated to produce a very intense bad breath. Removal of the . tartar or hard plaqueand friable tissue has been shown to improve mouth odor considerably.

      4.Nose
      In this occurrence, the air exiting the nostrils has a pungent odor that differs from the oral odor. Nasal odor may be due to sinus infections or foreign bodies.

      5.Tonsils
      small bits of calcified matter in tonsillar crypts called tonsilloliths that smell extremely foul when released and can cause bad breath.

      6.Stomach
      very uncommon source of bad breath. The esophagus is a closed and collapsed tube, and continuous flow (as opposed to a simple burp) of gas or putrid substances from the stomach indicates a health problem—such as reflux serious enough to be bringing up stomach contents or a fistula between the stomach and the esophagus—which will demonstrate more serious manifestations than just foul odor.

      7.Systemic diseases
      1. Fetor hepaticus: an example of a rare type of bad breath caused by chronic liver failure.
      2. Lower respiratory tract infections (bronchial and lung infections).
      3. Renal infections and renal failure.
      4. Carcinoma.
      5. Diabetes mellitus.

      Management

      1. Gently cleaning the tongue surface twice daily is the most effective way to keep bad breath in control; that can be achieved using a tooth brush, tongue cleaner or tongue brush/scraper to wipe off the bacterial biofilm, debris, and mucus. Scraping or otherwise damaging the tongue should be avoided, and scraping of the V-shaped row of taste buds found at the extreme back of the tongue should also be avoided. Brushing a small amount of antibacterial mouth rinse or tongue gel onto the tongue surface will further inhibit bacterial action.

      2. Eating a healthy breakfast with rough foods helps clean the very back of the tongue.

      3. Chewing gum: Since dry-mouth can increase bacterial buildup and cause or worsen bad breath, chewing sugarless gum can help with the production of saliva, and thereby help to reduce bad breath. Chewing may help particularly when the mouth is dry, or when one cannot perform oral hygiene procedures after meals.

      4. Gargling right before bedtime with an effective mouthwash.

      5. Maintaining proper oral hygiene, including daily tongue cleaning, brushing, flossing, and periodic visits to dentists and hygienists. Flossing is particularly important in removing rotting food debris and bacterial plaque from between the teeth, especially at the gum line.

      Mouthwashes

      Mouthwashes often contain antibacterial agents including cetylpyridinium chloride, chlorhexidine (which can cause temporary staining of the teeth), zinc gluconate, essential oils, and chlorine dioxide. Zinc and chlorhexidine provide strong synergistic effect. They may also contain alcohol, which is a drying agent.

      Thanks,

  14. QUESTION:
    Is it bad to for a teenager to drink alcohol every weekend?
    So I'm 15 and smoke weed about 2-3 times a week, every saturday I get drunk and high with my friends. How bad is it for my body? does is like effect my height/growth? thanks.

    • ANSWER:
      I started drinking and smoking at the age of 14 I regret smoking I wish I never started it because it damages your lungs so much and I sometimes struggle to breath I've stopped getting high now but I still smoke tobacco I think it stubs your growth just depends on your jeans I'm 6 ft 1 so it didn't really affect me

      Up to now drinking hasn't affected me but I'll probz regret that when I'm older as I'm only 21

      I like to say live life to the max but when your on a oxygen machine and have liver failure that's not really living is it

      Also like to add I lost a few good friends threw the booze and the people I got high with some of them have moved to heavier stuff so I would recommend to you to stop drinking smoking and take up hobbies like soccer football swimming

  15. QUESTION:
    How do I get my cat to gain weight?
    Over the last two years, my male cat (who will be 14 in May) has gone from a little over 12lbs to just around 9lbs. Before you tell me to take him to the vet, I already have. The tests were pretty much clear, and no sign of cancer.

    My poor boy has bad molars in the back so he can't chew hard things very well. He has free range of a full plate of Into the Wild, Roasted Venison and Smoked Salmon dry food, as well as a full can (half in the morning, half in the afternoon) of Friskies pate's (as he doesn't like eating chunks) a day. He will eat things like chicken and ham, etc, and his food so he obviously has an appetite. I don't like my Vet (I'm working on switching to another one currently) so I don't want to talk to him about it, I'm done with him. It's been about 4 months since the blood test. His weight then was 8.11/.12 and since then he has fallen between 9 and 9.5, going back and forth.

    Because of his teeth I need to know what kinds of soft things he could eat to get him to potentially gain weight. I have heard about tuna in oil, putting a tsp of olive oil on his food every day, etc. What has worked for you guys? I need inexpensive, readily available things.
    Thank you Bunnah, but as I said, he has quite the appetite. He eats, and begs for food, and gobbles it down. Also, cats are lactose intolerant, their bodies lack the ability to digest lactose. While I do give him small amounts here and there, I will not give him a whole bowl of it.

    AGAIN: It is not a matter of him NOT EATING, it is a matter of getting him to GAIN WEIGHT because he can't eat the fatty dry foods very much.
    Actually dry food has more fat in it than canned food. I am feeding him so much canned food so he can actually get food without having to crunch and hurt his teeth. He used to be around 13 pounds, and a cat I had when I was little was 20. ;) I know fat cats, but thank you. I may boil some ham to remove the salt from it and see if he eats it.

    • ANSWER:
      Since it sounds like you are feeding him an adequate diet, I would suggest you take him to the vet for a complete check up and blood work to rule out any medical conditions for the weight loss. There are many reasons why a cat won't gain weight; diabetes, liver, parasites,etc. Here's a great article from vet info that talks about weight loss in cats. Good luck and hope this helps.

      Feline weight loss should be an alarming symptom as it might signal different diseases or the existence of parasites. You cat may lose weight if he is under stress. In each of these cases, visit your vet and find out the cause of the weight loss.

      1. Parasites

      If your cat has parasites, he will lose weight as a consequence of his lack of appetite and vomiting. The most common parasites that cause weight loss are the tapeworm, giardia, heartworm and the hookworm. These are treatable and may be detected in your cat's feces or blood work. However, you need a precise diagnosis from your vet.

      2. Feline Leukemia Virus Disease Complex (FELV)

      The feline leukemia virus is a retrovirus from the same family of viruses as the FELV virus. The leukemia is a fatal disease. It is transmitted through saliva and other secretions.

      The cat will also display symptoms such as fever, depression, enlarged lymph nodes, discoloration of nose and tongue or breathing difficulty. A cat with leukemia has a weak immune system and will be susceptible to a lot of infections.

      3. Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBC)

      The inflammatory bowel disease causes chronic vomiting and diarrhea and will lead to weight loss. The upper or lower intestines are affected by inflammatory cells.

      IBD may be treated with some dietary restriction and identifying the cause of the irritation.
      4. Liver Disease

      The liver helps keep the blood free from toxins and facilitates digestion. Liver disease may be caused by increased toxicity in the cat's body, hepatitis or cancer. Besides weight loss, the cat will vomit and have diarrhea. Your pet will have yellow eyes and mucous membranes, suffer from depression, have seizures and bad breath.

      5. Diabetes

      Diabetes is an endocrine disorder caused by the deficiency of insulin in the body. The insulin is needed to properly metabolize the sugars in the blood. Diabetes causes weight loss. You will also notice apathy, constant urination and thirst, vomiting and bad breath.

      Diabetes is not treatable but can be managed by the administration of insulin shots. Detecting the disease is critical.

      6. Kidney Disease

      Kidney failure may be fatal to a cat. If the kidney has lost more than 70% of its filtering function, the cat has kidney failure. The kidney failure is caused by infections, kidney tumors, cysts and kidney disease. Most of the kidney failures are not reversible. Wet diet will be prescribed and phosphorous binders will keep the condition under control.

      7. Stress Induced Weight Loss

      If a cat is under a lot of stress he will lack appetite. The causes of stress may be recent changes in the cat's life, such as moving or the presence of a new pet or person in the home. The stress may be handled through therapy or by reassuring your cat that he is still important to you, and creating a comfortable home in the new place.

      Excessive weight loss can cause feline anemia. Detecting the cause of weight loss is important for your cat's health, as some of these diseases are fatal.

  16. QUESTION:
    How can I get my dog to smell better? And her teeth are awful.?
    I have a little yorkie and she has recently started smelling very bad, and your breath is awful. I don't know what to do. I brush them but the next day they smell awful.

    • ANSWER:
      Little dogs have crowded mouths full of nasty teeth. I see it every day at work. Brushing alone will never improve teeth that are already nasty. You need a professional teeth cleaning. Which requires sedation, blood work and antibiotics. It’s costly but totally worth it. Since ignoring your dogs poor dental health will lead to blood borne infection that can cause kidney, heart and liver failure.
      Only a professions dental scaling can get under the gum line and check for rotten teeth.
      Save up your pennies and plan a dental for the new year. Your dog's health will thank you.

  17. QUESTION:
    my teacup yorkie has bad breathe no matter WHAT I DO IT DOESNT HELP?
    SHE is only 8 months old and weighs approx.1.5 lbs she coughs alot and really doesnt have that good of an appetite. we are feeding hr puppy science diet never table scraps what is wrong and what can we do i love her i brush her teeth and buy puppy mints nothing seems to help my sis dog has the same problem but she has liver failure please dont tell me that,

    • ANSWER:
      1. There are no such things as teacup dogs. They're just unhealthy runts produced by small Yorkies, bred by irresponsible breeders. I'm not surprised that your dog coughs and doesn't have an appetite. She's a result of very poor breeding.
      2. Avoid foods like Science Diet. Science Diet is full of grain, corn, and useless fillers. Try one of the following:

      Canidae
      Wellness (has a grainless formula)
      Nature's Variety (has a grainless formula)
      Orijen (grainless)
      Solid Gold (has a grainless formula)
      Innova
      Innova EVO (grainless)
      California Natural
      Go! Natural (grainless)
      Taste of the Wild (grainless)
      Timberwolf Organics
      Blue Buffalo
      Ziwi Peak (grainless)
      The Honest Kitchen (has grainless formulas)

      Good-quality food can make a BIG difference in your dog's breath. I feed my dog raw and she has sweet breath. I never even brush her teeth!

  18. QUESTION:
    How do I get my cat to gain weight?
    He is about 10 years old and weighs around 7.5 pounds. He has always been super skinny!! He was the runt of his litter and near dear death at one point. Once I shaved him and he looked so skinny and like a ferret or something haha all my friends laughed at him and made fun of his weight. I feed him so much though! I give him dry food, plain lowfat yogurt, and a can of fancy feast everyday. How can I get him to gain weight?

    • ANSWER:
      I would take him to the vet for a complete check up to rule out any medical condition for his weight loss. Parasites, diabetes, thyroid and liver disease are what pops up in my mind first. Once your vet has examined your cat and ruled out any medical condition then I would suggest you feed a premium quality food like Nutro Natural Choice. My four cats eat Natural Choice and really like it. It's a higher protein, lower carb food that's all natural with no chicken by-products, ground corn or any artificial colors, flavors or preservatives. Your vet can also advice you of the best diet to feed your cat and also how much you should be feeding. Good luck and hope this helps.

      Feline weight loss should be an alarming symptom as it might signal different diseases or the existence of parasites. You cat may lose weight if he is under stress. In each of these cases, visit your vet and find out the cause of the weight loss.
      1. Parasites

      If your cat has parasites, he will lose weight as a consequence of his lack of appetite and vomiting. The most common parasites that cause weight loss are the tapeworm, giardia, heartworm and the hookworm. These are treatable and may be detected in your cat's feces or blood work. However, you need a precise diagnosis from your vet.
      2. Feline Leukemia Virus Disease Complex (FELV)

      The feline leukemia virus is a retrovirus from the same family of viruses as the FELV virus. The leukemia is a fatal disease. It is transmitted through saliva and other secretions.

      The cat will also display symptoms such as fever, depression, enlarged lymph nodes, discoloration of nose and tongue or breathing difficulty. A cat with leukemia has a weak immune system and will be susceptible to a lot of infections.
      3. Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBC)

      The inflammatory bowel disease causes chronic vomiting and diarrhea and will lead to weight loss. The upper or lower intestines are affected by inflammatory cells.

      IBD may be treated with some dietary restriction and identifying the cause of the irritation.
      4. Liver Disease

      The liver helps keep the blood free from toxins and facilitates digestion. Liver disease may be caused by increased toxicity in the cat's body, hepatitis or cancer. Besides weight loss, the cat will vomit and have diarrhea. Your pet will have yellow eyes and mucous membranes, suffer from depression, have seizures and bad breath.
      5. Diabetes

      Diabetes is an endocrine disorder caused by the deficiency of insulin in the body. The insulin is needed to properly metabolize the sugars in the blood. Diabetes causes weight loss. You will also notice apathy, constant urination and thirst, vomiting and bad breath.

      Diabetes is not treatable but can be managed by the administration of insulin shots. Detecting the disease is critical.
      6. Kidney Disease

      Kidney failure may be fatal to a cat. If the kidney has lost more than 70% of its filtering function, the cat has kidney failure. The kidney failure is caused by infections, kidney tumors, cysts and kidney disease. Most of the kidney failures are not reversible. Wet diet will be prescribed and phosphorous binders will keep the condition under control.
      7. Stress Induced Weight Loss

      If a cat is under a lot of stress he will lack appetite. The causes of stress may be recent changes in the cat's life, such as moving or the presence of a new pet or person in the home. The stress may be handled through therapy or by reassuring your cat that he is still important to you, and creating a comfortable home in the new place.

      Excessive weight loss can cause feline anemia. Detecting the cause of weight loss is important for your cat's health, as some of these diseases are fatal.

  19. QUESTION:
    Lately when i come home and have my normal daily 12 pk of beer the next day i have terrible diarreha?
    With the exception of the obvious quit drinking what can i do to stop it and also what causes it?

    • ANSWER:
      Ok seriously...I know you don't want this answer but you REALLY need to stop drinking so much. I know because I was drinking about an 18 pack or so a day by myself for about 4 months or so and it got so bad that I was getting really sick towards the end and my boyfriend wanted me to quit and to support me he also quit without my asking and I feel better I never wake up with hangovers I can spend that money on something more important like bills.
      Also I watched my father take his last breath at age 51 from liver failure so If your going to continue your drinking you are going to have to accept that you are going to get worse before/if you get better.

      Good luck!

      And should you continue as I believe you will you should definitely eat a decent size meal BEFORE drinking. And drink PLENTY of water before going to bed.
      Drink however many (if not MORE) glasses of water that you have drank of beer. You need to keep yourself hydrated. I was told for every drink you have (beer or hard stuff) to drink a glass of water after and keep repeating that... You also won't be chugging water at the end of the night.

  20. QUESTION:
    How do you get rid of and breath?
    I use mouth was everyday. I drink a lot of fluids. I brush my teeth twice a day. What am I doing wrong? I drink a lot of milk so could that be it? HELP!

    • ANSWER:
      most cases (85–90%), bad breath originates in the mouth itself. The intensity of bad breath differs during the day, due to eating certain foods (such as garlic, onions, meat, fish, and cheese), obesity, smoking, and alcohol consumption.Since the mouth is exposed to less oxygen and is inactive during the night, the odor is usually worse upon awakening ("morning breath"). Bad breath may be transient, often disappearing following eating, brushing one's teeth, flossing, or rinsing with specialized mouthwash.

      Cause's
      1. Tongue
      The most common location is the tongue. Tongue bacteria produce malodorous compounds and fatty acids, and account for 80 to 90 percent of all cases of mouth-related bad breath
      Cleaning the tongue
      The most widely-known reason to clean the tongue is for the control of bad breath. Methods used against bad breath, such as mints, mouth sprays, mouthwash or gum, may only temporarily mask the odors created by the bacteria on the tongue, but cannot cure bad breath because they do not remove the source of the bad breath. In order to prevent the production of the sulfur-containing compounds mentioned above, the bacteria on the tongue must be removed, as must the decaying food debris present on the rear areas of the tongue. Most people who clean their tongue use a tongue cleaner (tongue scraper), or a toothbrush.

      2.Mouth
      There are over 600 types of bacteria found in the average mouth.
      Other parts of the mouth may also contribute to the overall odor, but are not as common as the back of the tongue. These locations are, in order of descending prevalence: inter-dental and sub-gingival niches, faulty dental work, food-impaction areas in between the teeth, abscesses, and unclean dentures.Oral based lesions caused by viral infections like Herpes Simplex and HPV may also contribute to bad breath.

      3.Gum disease
      Advanced periodontal disease is a common cause. Waste products from the anaerobic bacteria growing below the gumline (subgingival) have a foul smell and have been clinically demonstrated to produce a very intense bad breath. Removal of the . tartar or hard plaqueand friable tissue has been shown to improve mouth odor considerably.

      4.Nose
      In this occurrence, the air exiting the nostrils has a pungent odor that differs from the oral odor. Nasal odor may be due to sinus infections or foreign bodies.

      5.Tonsils
      small bits of calcified matter in tonsillar crypts called tonsilloliths that smell extremely foul when released and can cause bad breath.

      6.Stomach
      very uncommon source of bad breath. The esophagus is a closed and collapsed tube, and continuous flow (as opposed to a simple burp) of gas or putrid substances from the stomach indicates a health problem—such as reflux serious enough to be bringing up stomach contents or a fistula between the stomach and the esophagus—which will demonstrate more serious manifestations than just foul odor.

      7.Systemic diseases
      1. Fetor hepaticus: an example of a rare type of bad breath caused by chronic liver failure.
      2. Lower respiratory tract infections (bronchial and lung infections).
      3. Renal infections and renal failure.
      4. Carcinoma.
      5. Diabetes mellitus.

      Management

      1. Gently cleaning the tongue surface twice daily is the most effective way to keep bad breath in control; that can be achieved using a tooth brush, tongue cleaner or tongue brush/scraper to wipe off the bacterial biofilm, debris, and mucus. Scraping or otherwise damaging the tongue should be avoided, and scraping of the V-shaped row of taste buds found at the extreme back of the tongue should also be avoided. Brushing a small amount of antibacterial mouth rinse or tongue gel onto the tongue surface will further inhibit bacterial action.

      2. Eating a healthy breakfast with rough foods helps clean the very back of the tongue.

      3. Chewing gum: Since dry-mouth can increase bacterial buildup and cause or worsen bad breath, chewing sugarless gum can help with the production of saliva, and thereby help to reduce bad breath. Chewing may help particularly when the mouth is dry, or when one cannot perform oral hygiene procedures after meals.

      4. Gargling right before bedtime with an effective mouthwash.

      5. Maintaining proper oral hygiene, including daily tongue cleaning, brushing, flossing, and periodic visits to dentists and hygienists. Flossing is particularly important in removing rotting food debris and bacterial plaque from between the teeth, especially at the gum line.

      Mouthwashes

      Mouthwashes often contain antibacterial agents including cetylpyridinium chloride, chlorhexidine (which can cause temporary staining of the teeth), zinc gluconate, essential oils, and chlorine dioxide. Zinc and chlorhexidine provide strong synergistic effect. They may also contain alcohol, which is a drying agent.

      Thanks,

  21. QUESTION:
    Is it true that men with bad teeth are better in bed?

    I heard this in the movie 'The Syrian Bride' When the dentist told one of her patients that.

    • ANSWER:
      most cases (85–90%), bad breath originates in the mouth itself. The intensity of bad breath differs during the day, due to eating certain foods (such as garlic, onions, meat, fish, and cheese), obesity, smoking, and alcohol consumption.Since the mouth is exposed to less oxygen and is inactive during the night, the odor is usually worse upon awakening ("morning breath"). Bad breath may be transient, often disappearing following eating, brushing one's teeth, flossing, or rinsing with specialized mouthwash.

      Cause's
      1. Tongue
      The most common location is the tongue. Tongue bacteria produce malodorous compounds and fatty acids, and account for 80 to 90 percent of all cases of mouth-related bad breath
      Cleaning the tongue
      The most widely-known reason to clean the tongue is for the control of bad breath. Methods used against bad breath, such as mints, mouth sprays, mouthwash or gum, may only temporarily mask the odors created by the bacteria on the tongue, but cannot cure bad breath because they do not remove the source of the bad breath. In order to prevent the production of the sulfur-containing compounds mentioned above, the bacteria on the tongue must be removed, as must the decaying food debris present on the rear areas of the tongue. Most people who clean their tongue use a tongue cleaner (tongue scraper), or a toothbrush.

      2.Mouth
      There are over 600 types of bacteria found in the average mouth.
      Other parts of the mouth may also contribute to the overall odor, but are not as common as the back of the tongue. These locations are, in order of descending prevalence: inter-dental and sub-gingival niches, faulty dental work, food-impaction areas in between the teeth, abscesses, and unclean dentures.Oral based lesions caused by viral infections like Herpes Simplex and HPV may also contribute to bad breath.

      3.Gum disease
      Advanced periodontal disease is a common cause. Waste products from the anaerobic bacteria growing below the gumline (subgingival) have a foul smell and have been clinically demonstrated to produce a very intense bad breath. Removal of the . tartar or hard plaqueand friable tissue has been shown to improve mouth odor considerably.

      4.Nose
      In this occurrence, the air exiting the nostrils has a pungent odor that differs from the oral odor. Nasal odor may be due to sinus infections or foreign bodies.

      5.Tonsils
      small bits of calcified matter in tonsillar crypts called tonsilloliths that smell extremely foul when released and can cause bad breath.

      6.Stomach
      very uncommon source of bad breath. The esophagus is a closed and collapsed tube, and continuous flow (as opposed to a simple burp) of gas or putrid substances from the stomach indicates a health problem—such as reflux serious enough to be bringing up stomach contents or a fistula between the stomach and the esophagus—which will demonstrate more serious manifestations than just foul odor.

      7.Systemic diseases
      1. Fetor hepaticus: an example of a rare type of bad breath caused by chronic liver failure.
      2. Lower respiratory tract infections (bronchial and lung infections).
      3. Renal infections and renal failure.
      4. Carcinoma.
      5. Diabetes mellitus.

      Management

      1. Gently cleaning the tongue surface twice daily is the most effective way to keep bad breath in control; that can be achieved using a tooth brush, tongue cleaner or tongue brush/scraper to wipe off the bacterial biofilm, debris, and mucus. Scraping or otherwise damaging the tongue should be avoided, and scraping of the V-shaped row of taste buds found at the extreme back of the tongue should also be avoided. Brushing a small amount of antibacterial mouth rinse or tongue gel onto the tongue surface will further inhibit bacterial action.

      2. Eating a healthy breakfast with rough foods helps clean the very back of the tongue.

      3. Chewing gum: Since dry-mouth can increase bacterial buildup and cause or worsen bad breath, chewing sugarless gum can help with the production of saliva, and thereby help to reduce bad breath. Chewing may help particularly when the mouth is dry, or when one cannot perform oral hygiene procedures after meals.

      4. Gargling right before bedtime with an effective mouthwash.

      5. Maintaining proper oral hygiene, including daily tongue cleaning, brushing, flossing, and periodic visits to dentists and hygienists. Flossing is particularly important in removing rotting food debris and bacterial plaque from between the teeth, especially at the gum line.

      Mouthwashes

      Mouthwashes often contain antibacterial agents including cetylpyridinium chloride, chlorhexidine (which can cause temporary staining of the teeth), zinc gluconate, essential oils, and chlorine dioxide. Zinc and chlorhexidine provide strong synergistic effect. They may also contain alcohol, which is a drying agent.

      Thanks,

  22. QUESTION:
    what to do about dogs bad breath?
    my dog never had puppy breath she just had this horible smelling breath. it was like she just ate poop but i watched her and she never did. what can i do about this.
    brushing her teeth doesnt help.

    • ANSWER:
      If brushing her teeth doesn't help, you should take her to the vet to have her teeth examined. It's more than likely that her teeth need to be cleaned, she may have gingivitis as well. It's really important to look after a dog's teeth because bad teeth can lead to very serious health problems - like kidney and liver failure.

  23. QUESTION:
    What does liver failure feel like? What are the chances of dying from it?

    Oh man, this is really going to suck!

    • ANSWER:
      When you are considered to be in Liver Failure, that means that the cells of the liver have been damaged to the point of dying off. When the cells of the liver die, scar tissue forms inside the liver that blocks the flow of blood through the liver on its way back to the heart and also, blocks the flow of blood to the other liver cells and they die off also. The cells dying and scar tissue forming is known as Cirrhosis of the liver.

      Its the cells of the liver that do the 500 plus functions the liver does, as a whole, to keep the body well. As the cells die off, these functions start to deteriorate and then symptoms and signs appear. Liver failure starts as soon as a patient is diagnosed as having Cirrhosis. It means that the functions are deteriorating and will continue to deteriorate until a patient is in Complete liver failure... meaning the liver is dead. When the cells become damage, the liver enlarges in size from the inflammation developing.
      When the cells die, the liver start to shrink in size and takes on a hard texture.

      Usually, when the cells are first damaged, a patient will become extremely tired. They may have flu like symptoms depending on the cause of the cells being damaged. Most patients are walking around not knowing they have liver disease...some patients show no symptoms at all till right up till the time the cirrhosis is far advanced. It depends on each individual. The first sign is the bilirubin levels going higher in the blood which will turn the skin and whites of the eyes yellow.

      There are many symptoms and signs that occur:
      Encephalopathy...where the patient isn't able to think clearly and become disoriented...their hands may tremble and there sleep patterns will change. Someone else has to handle all their affairs for them. This is caused by ammonia, that the liver can no longer convert to urea, being in the blood and going to the brain.

      Ascites...this is where fluid builds up in the abdominal area because the liver isn't able to make a protein it once did, known as Albumin. This fluid becomes so much that it presses on other organs and makes it difficult to get their breath or eat.

      Portal hypertension and varies...this means that the blood cannot go through the liver and backs up into the portal vein that usually carries all the blood from the entire abdominal area to the liver.
      It also backs up into smaller vessels not used to handling this amount of blood and they have weak spots and can easily burst open and cause internal bleeding or the patient may bleed out completely. They may throw up blood, blood can be in their sputum or they can bleed from the rectum.
      Patients with Cirrhosis tend to hold onto sodium in their bodies...so they swell also in the legs, feet and other areas of the body. Cirrhosis patients also can bleed very easily because the liver isn't able to make clotting factors like it once did, so the blood doesn't clot well.

      The patient will end up looking like a skeleton with a belly the size of carrying twins or triples. It is a very non forgiving disease, that will continue to get worse over time period...either fast or slow.

      Anyone who has been diagnosed with Cirrhosis of the liver, that has been proven by a liver biopsy, has a disease that moves forward to death. The doctors can try to slow it down and the patient...if they can stop the cause of the cell damage, whether it be alcohol, medications toxification, chemical exposure, and others...can also slow it down. However, it leads to a person needing a liver transplant in order to live.

      (I have to say that if the cause is stopped early on and the inflammation that developed in the liver is treated...and none of the cells of the liver have started to die off, then there is a chance of the liver cells healing and the condition being reversed.) Inflammation inside the liver is known as Hepatitis. It is best to have blood testing done right away. Simple blood tests can show if there may be damage to the cells and how the cells are functioning.

      I hope this information has been of some help to you.

  24. QUESTION:
    Is it safe to drink alcohol while on beta blockers?
    My husband has a cardiac arrythmia. He takes 50mg of Lopressor a day, and has one or two drinks a day. Does the alcohol countereffect the medicine he's taking? Is this dangerous?

    • ANSWER:
      If he already has a heart problem why is he drinking ?
      And no its not safe to drink alcohol while on lopressor...

      Generic Name: metoprolol (me TOH pro lol)
      Brand Names: Lopressor, Toprol-XL

      What is the most important information I should know about metoprolol?
      • Do not stop taking metoprolol without first talking to your doctor. Stopping suddenly may make your condition worse.
      • If you need to have any type of surgery, you may need to temporarily stop using metoprolol. Be sure the surgeon knows ahead of time that you are using metoprolol.
      • Metoprolol can cause side effects that may impair your thinking or reactions. Be careful if you drive or do anything that requires you to be awake and alert.
      • Avoid drinking alcohol, which could increase drowsiness and dizziness while you are taking metoprolol.
      • Metoprolol is only part of a complete program of treatment for hypertension that may also include diet, exercise, and weight control. Follow your diet, medication, and exercise routines very closely if you are being treated for hypertension.
      • Hypertension often has no symptoms, so you may not even feel that you have high blood pressure. Continue using this medicine as directed, even if you feel well. You may need to use blood pressure medication for the rest of your life.

      If you have a history of congestive heart failure, Lopressor should be used with caution. If you are taking the extended release form of this drug, Toprol-XL, to relieve heart failure, the condition may temporarily be worsened as your dosage is increased. Be sure to alert your doctor to any signs of worsening heart failure such as weight gain or increasing shortness of breath. If you have peripheral vascular disease, use Toprol-XL with caution.

      Do not stop Lopressor abruptly. This can cause increased chest pain and heart attack. Dosage should be gradually reduced.

      If you suffer from asthma, seasonal allergies or other bronchial conditions, or liver disease, this medication should be used with caution.

      Ask your doctor if you should check your pulse while taking Lopressor. This medication can cause your heartbeat to become too slow.

      This medication may mask some symptoms of low blood sugar in diabetics or alter blood sugar levels. If you are diabetic, discuss this with your doctor.

      If you have pheochromocytoma and your doctor prescribes Toprol-XL, you will first need to take an alpha-blocking drug (a different type of blood pressure medication).

      Lopressor may cause you to become drowsy or less alert; therefore, driving or operating dangerous machinery or participating in any hazardous activity that requires full mental alertness is not recommended until you know how you respond to this medication.

      Notify your doctor or dentist that you are taking Lopressor if you have a medical emergency, or before you have surgery or dental treatment.

      Notify your doctor if you have any difficulty in breathing.

  25. QUESTION:
    why are fruits and fruit juices bad for patients with Chronic kidney disease?
    My uncle is a patient with a CKD and the doctor prohibited him from drinking juices. i was wondering why?

    • ANSWER:
      Patients with CKD should pay attention to the intake of fluid.
      FLUID RESTRICTION

      There is usually no restriction in the amount of fluids you can drink until severe kidney disease (Stage 4 or 5) is reached. The amount of urine your kidneys can make will usually not decrease until it is almost time to begin dialysis. It is called “kidney failure” because eventually the kidneys fail to make urine.

      PHOSPHORUS

      Phosphorus is a mineral found in almost all foods. Normal kidneys will balance the amount of phosphorus in our bodies. However, when the kidneys fail to eliminate this in the urine, the phosphorus will increase in the blood. High phosphorus foods will need to be limited and/or avoided. A medication called a phosphate binder (such as Oscal, Phoslo and Tums) may be ordered by your physician to be taken every time you eat. This medication will bind the phosphorus in the food and eliminate it in the stool. Control of phosphorus is very difficult for kidney disease patients. Ignoring this problem can lead to bone disease with pain in the back and joints.

      High phosphorus foods to eliminate are:
      Milk (any kind) - Start learning to use a milk substitute like Cremora (powdered) or Coffeemate (liquid) - Beans (red, black, white), Black Eyed Peas, Lima Beans, Nuts, Chocolate, Yogurt, Cheese, Liver, Sardines, Desserts made with milk

      ANEMIA

      Healthy kidneys make a hormone that helps make red blood cells. One of the symptoms of kidney disease is anemia, which causes weakness, tiredness and shortness of breath. Your kidney doctor may give you an injection called “Procrit.” This may help improve your anemia. The doctor may also order iron injections because in order to make red blood cells, you will need enough iron. Unfortunately, in some people the special diet will not provide enough iron and iron pills would be taken.

      VITAMINS

      Diseases of the heart and blood vessels remain the number one health problem in the U.S. Recently, a new risk factor has been identified in kidney disease patients. It is an amino acid called homocysteine. Over 75 percent of dialysis patients have increased homocysteine levels. Too much homocysteine in the blood has been found to be associated with increased risk of heart disease, stroke and blood vessel disease. Studies have shown that homocysteine levels in the blood are strongly influenced by these specific vitamins: Folic Acid, Vitamin B12 and Vitamin B6. The American Heart Association has indicated that a reasonable therapeutic goal should be less than 10 micromoles per liter. Ask your kidney doctor if you should be taking a special vitamin to help prevent high levels of homocysteine.

      DIABETICS

      Since about 40 percent of all kidney disease patients are diabetic, it is important to know about good control of your blood sugar. There is a special blood test called a “hemoglobin A1C.” This test tells what your blood sugars have been in the past two to three months. The normal range is 4.5 to 6.0 percent. Poor control of blood sugar contributes to the progression of your kidney disease. Be sure to ask your doctor how you are doing with blood sugar control. It may be necessary to be referred to a diabetes educator for help.

      Sample Menu: 40-50 grams protein
      (For non diabetic man 5’7” tall and 150 pounds (70 kilos) with CKD)

      BREAKFAST

      • 1/2 cup (4 ounces) orange juice • 1 English muffin or 2 slices bread
      • At least one tablespoon margarine with jelly
      • Coffee or tea with non-dairy creamer and sugar

      SNACK

      • 2 canned pear halves in heavy syrup

      LUNCH

      • 2 slices white bread • At least 2 tablespoons mayonnaise with lettuce and tomato
      • 1 ounce chicken (such as a small thigh) or 1 hard boiled egg
      • 2 canned peach halves in heavy syrup
      • 7-UP, lemonade or Hawaiian Punch

      SNACK

      • Baked apple with 1/2 cup non-dairy whipped topping

      DINNER

      • 3-4 ounces steak (weigh after cooking, without bone) , sauté in tablespoons olive oil
      • 1 small baked potato with at least 2 tablespoons margarine
      • 1/2 cup fresh green beans, carrots or broccoli with margarine
      • Lettuce, onions, cucumbers, green pepper
      • At least 2 tablespoons olive oil with vinegar or lemon
      • 1/8 apple or cherry pie with 1/2 cup fruit sorbet (this is not sherbet)
      • Iced tea with sugar and lemon or Sprite

      SNACK

      • 1 small banana and 10 vanilla wafers
      • Coffee or tea with non-dairy creamer and sugar
      If you had any other question about the kidney you can contact me and I will consult the experts in our hospital: kidneycn@yahoo.com skype:q1045389353

  26. QUESTION:
    Why do I always feel depressed or shameful after I've fingered myself?
    I feel good while I do it and for like five seconds after but then I get all depressed. What's up?

    • ANSWER:
      Because you have all of the following:
      Acid Reflux Disease (GERD)
      Acne
      Allergies
      Antisocial Personality Disorder
      Attention Deficit Disorder (ADHD/ADD)
      Altitude Sickness
      Alzheimer's Disease
      Andropause
      Anorexia Nervosa
      Arthritis
      Aspergers Syndrome
      Asthma
      Autism
      Avoidant Personality Disorder
      Back Pain
      Bad Breath (Halitosis)
      Baldness
      Bedwetting
      Bipolar Disorder (BD)
      Bladder Cancer
      Body Dysmorphic Disorder (BDD)
      Bone Cancer
      Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD)
      Brain Cancer
      Breast Cancer
      Brain Tumors
      Brain Injury
      Bronchitis
      Burns
      Bursitis
      Cancer
      Canker Sores (Cold Sores)
      Carpal Tunnel Syndrome (CTS)
      Celiac Disease
      Cervical Cancer
      Cholesterol
      Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)
      Colon Cancer
      Congestive Heart Failure (CHF)
      Cradle Cap
      Crohn's Disease
      Dandruff
      Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT)
      Dehydration
      Dependent Personality Disorder
      Depression
      Diabetes
      Diaper Rash
      Diarrhea
      Disabilities
      Diverticulitis
      Down Syndrome
      Drug Abuse
      Dysfunctional Uterine Bleeding (DUB)
      Dyslexia
      Ear Infections
      Ear Problems
      Eating Disorders
      Eczema
      Endometriosis
      Enlarged Prostate
      Epilepsy (Seizure)
      Erectile Dysfunction (ED)
      Eye Problems
      Fibromyalgia
      Fracture
      Freckles
      Flu
      Gallbladder Disease
      Gallstones
      Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD)
      Genital Herpes
      Genital Warts
      Glomerulonephritis (Nephritis)
      Gonorrhea
      Gout
      Gum Diseases
      Gynecomastia
      Head Lice
      Headache
      Hearing Loss
      Heart Attacks
      Heart Disease
      Heartburn
      Heat Stroke
      Heel Pain
      Hemorrhage
      Hemorrhoids
      Hepatitis
      Herniated Discs
      Hiatal Hernia (Hiatus Hernia)
      Histrionic Personality Disorder
      HIV/AIDS
      Hives
      Hyperglycemia (High Blood Sugar)
      Hyperkalemia (High Potassium)
      Hypertension (High Blood Pressure)
      Hyperthyroidism
      Hypothyroidism
      Infectious Diseases
      Infectious Mononucleosis (Glandular Fever)
      Influenza
      Infertility
      Insulin Dependent Diabetes Mellitus (IDDM)
      Iron Deficiency Anemia
      Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS)
      Irritable Male Syndrome (IMS)
      Itching
      Joint Pain
      Juvenile Diabetes
      Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis (JRA)
      Kidney Diseases
      Kidney Stones (Renal Calculi)
      Leukemia
      Liver Cancer - Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC)
      Lung Cancer
      Mad Cow Disease
      Malaria
      Melena (Blood in Stool)
      Memory Loss
      Menopause
      Mesothelioma
      Migraine
      Miscarriages
      Mucus In Stool
      Multiple Personality Disorder
      Multiple Sclerosis (MS)
      Muscle Cramps
      Muscle Fatigue
      Muscle Pain
      Nail Biting
      Narcissistic Personality Disorder
      Neck Pain
      Obesity
      Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD)
      Osteoarthritis (OA)
      Osteomyelitis
      Osteoporosis
      Ovarian Cancer
      Ovarian Cyst
      Pain
      Panic Attack
      Paranoid Personality Disorder
      Parkinson's Disease (PD)
      Penis Enlargement
      Peripheral Artery Disease (PAD)
      Personality Disorders
      Peptic Ulcers
      Pervasive Developmental Disorder (PDD)
      Peyronie's Disease
      Phobias
      Pink Eye (Conjunctivitis)
      Polio
      Pneumonia
      Post Nasal Drip
      Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
      Premature Baby
      Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS)
      Propecia
      Prostate Cancer
      Psoriasis
      Reactive Attachment Disorder (RAD)
      Renal Failure
      Restless Legs Syndrome (RLS)
      Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA)
      Rheumatic Fever
      Ringworm
      Rosacea
      Rotator Cuff
      Scabies
      Scars
      Sciatica
      Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS)
      Schizoid Personality Disorder
      Schizophrenia
      Sexually Transmitted Disease (STD)
      Sinus Infections
      Skin Cancer
      Skin Rash
      Sleep Disorders (Sleep Apnea)
      Smallpox
      Snoring
      Social Anxiety
      Staph Infection (MRSA)
      Stomach Cancer
      Strep Throat (Sore Throat)
      Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS)
      Sunburn
      Syphilis
      Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE)
      Tennis Elbow
      Termination of Pregnancy (Abortion)
      Testicular Cancer
      Tooth Decay
      Trisomy Syndrome
      Tuberculosis (TB)
      Ulcers
      Urinary Tract Infection (UTI)
      Varicose Veins
      Vagina
      Vertigo
      Warts
      Williams Syndrome
      Yeast Infection (Candidiasis)
      Yellow Fever

  27. QUESTION:
    What should I do about my cat's incisor?
    One of his incisors on the bottom is crooked (I guess) and the gum tissue around it is darker than the rest of his gums. I realize I need to call my vet about it, but I am just trying to see what I should expect and what it might be. If it's just a tooth that will fall out (he is around 15 months old)... or if it is really serious. I don't want my kitty to be in pain.
    He doesn't have any tarter or other dental problems, just that one tooth and the gum tissue around that tooth.

    • ANSWER:
      Gingivitis is a general term for inflammation of the gums. It may be localised to one tooth, or may be widespread affecting numerous teeth.

      Gingivitis is the mildest form of periodontal disease. Infection and inflammation spreads from the gums to the ligaments and bone that support the teeth. Left untreated, loss of support causes the teeth to become loose and eventually fall out.

      Unhealthy teeth & gums have greater impact on the body than just causing bad breath, pain & infection. As the gums have a rich blood supply, bacteria is readily transported to other organs (such as the liver, kidneys etc.) in the body causing damage & even organ failure.

      Gingivitis is caused by a build up of plaque (bacteria & food debris). In the early stages plaque forms on the teeth. Plaque which isn't removed from the teeth hardens & becomes tarter (also known as calculus). Tartar is yellow in color & is seen along along the gum, where it meets the teeth.

      Your veterinarian will perform an examination of your cat's mouth for signs of gingivitis such as a build up of tartar, red & inflamed gums, bad breath. Full mouth x-rays may be recommended to determine the extent of the disease.

      Early cases of gingivitis which haven't progressed far may possibly be treated at home with regular dental cleaning. Your vet may perform
      descaling to remove tartar build up (under anesthesia).

      If addressed immediately, gingivitis is reversible, if it is left to progress to periodontal disease, damage is irreversible.

  28. QUESTION:
    Should I ask my dentist to help me?
    Okay, so I think I have chronic bad breath. I wanna know how to get rid of it so I don't have to be constantly chewing gum. Should I talk to my dentist about this and ask if I have it?

    • ANSWER:
      Most cases (85–90%), bad breath originates in the mouth itself. The intensity of bad breath differs during the day, due to eating certain foods (such as garlic, onions, meat, fish, and cheese), obesity, smoking, and alcohol consumption.Since the mouth is exposed to less oxygen and is inactive during the night, the odor is usually worse upon awakening ("morning breath"). Bad breath may be transient, often disappearing following eating, brushing one's teeth, flossing, or rinsing with specialized mouthwash.

      Cause's
      1. Tongue
      The most common location is the tongue. Tongue bacteria produce malodorous compounds and fatty acids, and account for 80 to 90 percent of all cases of mouth-related bad breath
      Cleaning the tongue
      The most widely-known reason to clean the tongue is for the control of bad breath. Methods used against bad breath, such as mints, mouth sprays, mouthwash or gum, may only temporarily mask the odors created by the bacteria on the tongue, but cannot cure bad breath because they do not remove the source of the bad breath. In order to prevent the production of the sulfur-containing compounds mentioned above, the bacteria on the tongue must be removed, as must the decaying food debris present on the rear areas of the tongue. Most people who clean their tongue use a tongue cleaner (tongue scraper), or a toothbrush.

      2.Mouth
      There are over 600 types of bacteria found in the average mouth.
      Other parts of the mouth may also contribute to the overall odor, but are not as common as the back of the tongue. These locations are, in order of descending prevalence: inter-dental and sub-gingival niches, faulty dental work, food-impaction areas in between the teeth, abscesses, and unclean dentures.Oral based lesions caused by viral infections like Herpes Simplex and HPV may also contribute to bad breath.

      3.Gum disease
      Advanced periodontal disease is a common cause. Waste products from the anaerobic bacteria growing below the gumline (subgingival) have a foul smell and have been clinically demonstrated to produce a very intense bad breath. Removal of the . tartar or hard plaqueand friable tissue has been shown to improve mouth odor considerably.

      4.Nose
      In this occurrence, the air exiting the nostrils has a pungent odor that differs from the oral odor. Nasal odor may be due to sinus infections or foreign bodies.

      5.Tonsils
      small bits of calcified matter in tonsillar crypts called tonsilloliths that smell extremely foul when released and can cause bad breath.

      6.Stomach
      very uncommon source of bad breath. The esophagus is a closed and collapsed tube, and continuous flow (as opposed to a simple burp) of gas or putrid substances from the stomach indicates a health problem—such as reflux serious enough to be bringing up stomach contents or a fistula between the stomach and the esophagus—which will demonstrate more serious manifestations than just foul odor.

      7.Systemic diseases
      1. Fetor hepaticus: an example of a rare type of bad breath caused by chronic liver failure.
      2. Lower respiratory tract infections (bronchial and lung infections).
      3. Renal infections and renal failure.
      4. Carcinoma.
      5. Diabetes mellitus.

      Management

      1. Gently cleaning the tongue surface twice daily is the most effective way to keep bad breath in control; that can be achieved using a tooth brush, tongue cleaner or tongue brush/scraper to wipe off the bacterial biofilm, debris, and mucus. Scraping or otherwise damaging the tongue should be avoided, and scraping of the V-shaped row of taste buds found at the extreme back of the tongue should also be avoided. Brushing a small amount of antibacterial mouth rinse or tongue gel onto the tongue surface will further inhibit bacterial action.

      2. Eating a healthy breakfast with rough foods helps clean the very back of the tongue.

      3. Chewing gum: Since dry-mouth can increase bacterial buildup and cause or worsen bad breath, chewing sugarless gum can help with the production of saliva, and thereby help to reduce bad breath. Chewing may help particularly when the mouth is dry, or when one cannot perform oral hygiene procedures after meals.

      4. Gargling right before bedtime with an effective mouthwash.

      5. Maintaining proper oral hygiene, including daily tongue cleaning, brushing, flossing, and periodic visits to dentists and hygienists. Flossing is particularly important in removing rotting food debris and bacterial plaque from between the teeth, especially at the gumline.

      Mouthwashes

      Mouthwashes often contain antibacterial agents including cetylpyridinium chloride, chlorhexidine (which can cause temporary staining of the teeth), zinc gluconate, essential oils, and chlorine dioxide. Zinc and chlorhexidine provide strong synergistic effect. They may also contain alcohol, which is a drying agent.

      Thanks,
      Dr. Adiki

  29. QUESTION:
    How can I tell If my child has Alström Syndome ?
    Im doing a class project on Alström's syndrom for Sience ?
    im in school right now lol
    Can yu please help me ?

    • ANSWER:
      Causes
      Alstrom syndrome is an autosomal recessive inherited disorder. This means that a person must inherit a copy of the defective gene from both parents to be affected. It is extremely rare, but is more common in Holland and Sweden than in the United States.

      The altered gene, ALMS1, has been found. However, it is not yet known how this gene causes the disorder.
      Back to TopSymptoms
      Blindness or severe vision impairment in infancy
      Dark patches of skin (acanthosis nigricans)
      Deafness
      Impaired heart function (cardiomyopathy), which may lead to heart failure
      Obesity
      Progressive kidney failure
      Slowed growth
      Symptoms of childhood-onset or type 2 diabetes
      Occasionally, the following can also occur:

      Gastrointestinal reflux
      Hypothyroidism
      Liver dysfunction
      Small penis
      Back to TopExams and Tests
      An eye doctor (ophthalmologist) will examine the eyes. The patient may have reduced vision.

      Tests may be done to check:

      Blood sugar levels (to diagnose hyperglycemia)
      Hearing
      Heart function
      Thyroid function
      Triglyceride levels
      Back to TopTreatment
      There is no specific treatment for this syndrome. Treatment for symptoms may include:

      Diabetes medication
      Hearing aids
      Heart medications
      Thyroid hormone replacement
      Back to TopSupport Groups
      Alström Syndrome International -- www.alstrom.org
      Back to TopOutlook (Prognosis)
      The following are likely to develop:

      Deafness
      Permanent blindness
      Type 2 diabetes
      Kidney and liver failure may get worse.
      Back to TopPossible Complications
      Complications from diabetes
      Coronary artery disease (from diabetes and high cholesterol)
      Fatigue and shortness of breath (if poor heart function isn't treated)

  30. QUESTION:
    What should nations do to prevent the outbreak of hantavirus in the coming years?

    • ANSWER:
      Hanta virus

      Hantavirus is a disease spread by rodents that is similar to the flu.
      Causes
      Hantavirus has probably caused people to get sick for years in the United States, but it was not recognized until recently.
      In 1993 there was an outbreak of fatal respiratory illness on an Indian reservation at the border of Utah, Colorado, New Mexico, and Arizona. Researchers discovered that hantavirus caused the epidemic. Since that discovery, hantavirus disease has been reported in every western state, and in many eastern states.
      Hantavirus is carried by rodents, especially deer mice. The virus is in their urine and feces, but it does not make the carrier animal sick. Humans are thought to become infected when they are exposed to contaminated dust from mice nests or droppings.
      The disease is not passed between humans. People may encounter contaminated dust when cleaning long-empty homes, sheds, or other enclosed areas.
      The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reported that rodents carrying hantavirus have been found in at least twenty national parks. The CDC says it is possible that the virus is in all of the parks.
      The CDC suspects that campers and hikers may be more likely to catch the disease than most people. This is because they pitch tents on the forest floor and lay their sleeping bags down in musty cabins.
      So far, however, only a couple of cases have been directly linked to camping or hiking. Most people who are exposed to the virus have come in contact with rodent droppings in their own homes.
      Symptoms
      The early symptoms of hantavirus disease are flu-like (fever, chills, muscle aches). For a very short period of time, the infected person starts to feel better. Then, within 1 - 2 days, the person may develop shortness of breath. The disease gets worse quickly and leads to respiratory failure.
      Other symptoms may include:
      • Dry cough
      • General ill feeling (malaise)
      • Headache
      • Nausea and vomiting
      • Rapid shallow breathing
      Exams and Tests
      A doctor may notice signs of:
      • Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS)
      • Decreased blood pressure (hypotension)
      • Decreased levels of oxygen in the blood (hypoxia), causing the skin to have a bluish color (cyanosis)
      • Kidney failure
      Tests include:
      •Complete blood count (CBC)
      •Hematocrit
      •Liver enzymes
      •Platelet count
      •Serological testing for hantavirus
      •Serum albumin
      •Serum chemistry
      •X-ray of the chest
      Treatment
      An effective treatment for hantavirus infection involving the lungs is not yet available.
      Hantavirus hemorrhagic fever that involves the kidneys (with renal syndrome) does respond to treatment with ribavirin given through a vein (intravenously). This medication shortens the illness and reduces the risk of death.
      Treatment must be given in the hospital. Often patients are admitted to an intensive care unit.
      Oxygen therapy is used. Blood gases are closely monitored. Severe cases will need respiratory support with a breathing tube (endotracheal tube) and ventilator.
      Outlook (Prognosis)
      Hantavirus is a serious infection. Even with aggressive treatment, more than half of the cases are fatal.
      Possible Complications
      • Cardiorespiratory failure
      • Death
      • Kidney failure
      When to Contact a Medical Professional
      Call your health care provider if you develop flu-like symptoms after being exposed to mouse urine or feces (excreta), or dust that may have been contaminated with mouse excreta.
      Prevention
      Avoid exposure to rodent urine and feces.
      • When hiking and camping, pitch tents in areas where there are no rodent droppings.
      • Avoid rodent dens.
      • Drink disinfected water.
      • Sleep on a ground cover and pad.
      • Keep your home clean. Clear out potential nesting sites and clean your kitchen.
      If you must work in an area where contact with rodent urine and feces is possible, follow these recommendations from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC):
      1.When opening an unused cabin, shed, or other building, open all the doors and windows, leave the building, and allow the space to air out for 30 minutes.
      2.Return to the building and spray the surfaces, carpet, and other areas with a disinfectant. Leave the building for another 30 minutes.
      3.Spray mouse nests and droppings with a 10% solution of chlorine bleach or similar disinfectant. Allow it to sit for 30 minutes. Using rubber gloves, place the materials in plastic bags. Seal the bags and throw them in the trash or an incinerator. Dispose of gloves and cleaning materials in the same way.
      4.Wash all potentially contaminated hard surfaces with a bleach or disinfectant solution. Avoid vacuuming until the area has been thoroughly decontaminated. Then, vacuum the first few times with enough ventilation. Surgical masks may provide some protection.
      Alternative Names
      Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome; Hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome

  31. QUESTION:
    yuck bad breath in mourning how do i get rid of it?
    It just happens cuase it wants to it smells like air..
    the smell is under my tooth how do i get rid of it?
    ps brushing my teeth dosent work i tryed it 5 times a day it still haunts me in tha mourning..
    I dont smoke or do any of that stuff im 15.. anyone can be not doing at this age ps i dont drink earthur...

    • ANSWER:
      Most cases (85–90%), bad breath originates in the mouth itself. The intensity of bad breath differs during the day, due to eating certain foods (such as garlic, onions, meat, fish, and cheese), obesity, smoking, and alcohol consumption.Since the mouth is exposed to less oxygen and is inactive during the night, the odor is usually worse upon awakening ("morning breath"). Bad breath may be transient, often disappearing following eating, brushing one's teeth, flossing, or rinsing with specialized mouthwash.

      Cause's
      1. Tongue
      The most common location is the tongue. Tongue bacteria produce malodorous compounds and fatty acids, and account for 80 to 90 percent of all cases of mouth-related bad breath
      Cleaning the tongue
      The most widely-known reason to clean the tongue is for the control of bad breath. Methods used against bad breath, such as mints, mouth sprays, mouthwash or gum, may only temporarily mask the odors created by the bacteria on the tongue, but cannot cure bad breath because they do not remove the source of the bad breath. In order to prevent the production of the sulfur-containing compounds mentioned above, the bacteria on the tongue must be removed, as must the decaying food debris present on the rear areas of the tongue. Most people who clean their tongue use a tongue cleaner (tongue scraper), or a toothbrush.

      2.Mouth
      There are over 600 types of bacteria found in the average mouth.
      Other parts of the mouth may also contribute to the overall odor, but are not as common as the back of the tongue. These locations are, in order of descending prevalence: inter-dental and sub-gingival niches, faulty dental work, food-impaction areas in between the teeth, abscesses, and unclean dentures.Oral based lesions caused by viral infections like Herpes Simplex and HPV may also contribute to bad breath.

      3.Gum disease
      Advanced periodontal disease is a common cause. Waste products from the anaerobic bacteria growing below the gumline (subgingival) have a foul smell and have been clinically demonstrated to produce a very intense bad breath. Removal of the . tartar or hard plaqueand friable tissue has been shown to improve mouth odor considerably.

      4.Nose
      In this occurrence, the air exiting the nostrils has a pungent odor that differs from the oral odor. Nasal odor may be due to sinus infections or foreign bodies.

      5.Tonsils
      small bits of calcified matter in tonsillar crypts called tonsilloliths that smell extremely foul when released and can cause bad breath.

      6.Stomach
      very uncommon source of bad breath. The esophagus is a closed and collapsed tube, and continuous flow (as opposed to a simple burp) of gas or putrid substances from the stomach indicates a health problem—such as reflux serious enough to be bringing up stomach contents or a fistula between the stomach and the esophagus—which will demonstrate more serious manifestations than just foul odor.

      7.Systemic diseases
      1. Fetor hepaticus: an example of a rare type of bad breath caused by chronic liver failure.
      2. Lower respiratory tract infections (bronchial and lung infections).
      3. Renal infections and renal failure.
      4. Carcinoma.
      5. Diabetes mellitus.

      Management

      1. Gently cleaning the tongue surface twice daily is the most effective way to keep bad breath in control; that can be achieved using a tooth brush, tongue cleaner or tongue brush/scraper to wipe off the bacterial biofilm, debris, and mucus. Scraping or otherwise damaging the tongue should be avoided, and scraping of the V-shaped row of taste buds found at the extreme back of the tongue should also be avoided. Brushing a small amount of antibacterial mouth rinse or tongue gel onto the tongue surface will further inhibit bacterial action.

      2. Eating a healthy breakfast with rough foods helps clean the very back of the tongue.

      3. Chewing gum: Since dry-mouth can increase bacterial buildup and cause or worsen bad breath, chewing sugarless gum can help with the production of saliva, and thereby help to reduce bad breath. Chewing may help particularly when the mouth is dry, or when one cannot perform oral hygiene procedures after meals.

      4. Gargling right before bedtime with an effective mouthwash.

      5. Maintaining proper oral hygiene, including daily tongue cleaning, brushing, flossing, and periodic visits to dentists and hygienists. Flossing is particularly important in removing rotting food debris and bacterial plaque from between the teeth, especially at the gumline.

      Mouthwashes

      Mouthwashes often contain antibacterial agents including cetylpyridinium chloride, chlorhexidine (which can cause temporary staining of the teeth), zinc gluconate, essential oils, and chlorine dioxide. Zinc and chlorhexidine provide strong synergistic effect. They may also contain alcohol, which is a drying agent.

      Thanks,

  32. QUESTION:
    What do Mushrooms have to do with Hippies?
    A lot of stuff that has to do with hippies have mushrooms on them? I also see those little colorful bears? I was just curious what they stand for or mean?

    • ANSWER:
      As some have stated, certain mushrooms have hallucinegenic properties, psilocybin, primarily. They expand your conciousness and senses, allowing for insightful, spiritual discoveries of both the world around you, and in doing so, help you to learn about yourself, since you are the world around you are inextricably connected. These experiences can be life-changing and enlightening, not just a silly drug trip. That's why many 'hippies' reject the American lifestyle of consumerism, materialism, and endless corporate profit-chasing that has led to pollution, poisoned waters, toxic waste sites, overflowing landfills, deforestation, melting glaciers, and climate change, a 'hippie' is more aware of our place and effect on the earth, and opts to live a more harmonious, eco-friendly life when possible or plausable. "Live simply, that others may simply live" is one familiar saying.

      Many people laugh at the idea as cliche, but we are all part of the problem, its up to us to decide what kind of planet our grandchildren inherit. On a cell phone? Your oh-so-important conversation is not only giving you and the person you're talking to brain cancer, Cell phones are pouring into landfills at the rate of 150,000 a day, each one leaking toxins from its battery into the soil. Hang it up.

      I digress. Our current government likes to portray certain drugs as evil, a menace to society, the way J. Jonah Jameson portrays Spider-Man in his newspaper, "Threat, or Menace?" Many drugs are dangerous, and I would never reccomend anyone break the law or do illegal drugs, but what is more dangerous is for authorities to pretend they are all at the same level. For example, If someone tries weed and finds out he was lied to about the danger of it, that person may assume that he was also lied to about the dangers of all drugs, many of which are nasty awful deadly things. And that's not even mentioning the legal phameceutical prescription drugs which kill more people every year than all illegal drugs combined. You hear their deadly side-effects on TV commercials, "may cause intestinal bleeding, liver failure, stroke, impotence, death, the blues, and ...drymouth." Wow. No Thanks, I think i'll keep the bad breath and date a chick who has no sense of smell.

      Mushrooms, however, are regarded as sacred or spiritual in many cultures, both ancient and modern, Shamans, medicine men, visionaries used them ritually for centuries. Greek oracles, they got high and saw the future from a combination of near toxic gasses filtered through rock and water, but in many cultures it was the mushroom. A prominent Catholic Bishop got into a lot of trouble when he started discussing the possiblility that jesus and his apostles were communing with god by doing magic mushrooms that still grow in the dead sea caves. He ended up dying mysteriously soon after. Bishop Pike.

      Professor Terrance McKenna says that mushroom spores can travel in the vaccuum of space and live, and that there is evidence they may have originated on another world, maybe even another form of intelligence that came here to co-mingle with our own.

      Finally, most importantly, NEVER pick a mushroom in the wild and eat it, even experts can be fooled, you are likely to die from it.

      Now, the colorful dancing bears! They are a symbol of the Grateful Dead, the legendary San Francisco 1960s rock band htat nearly single-handedly invented psychedelic music, today reffered to as 'jamband'. From 1965-1995 The Dead grew into one of the top grossing live acts of all time, going decades without an album, preferring the live performance before a devoted yet critical crowd, they existed completely outside of popular culture, never so much as mentioned in the mainstream media, an entire community grew around them, grew older with them, and moved through life to their ever changing sound, with a touch of grey, trying to win a little grace. The Bears endure as a symbol of the more youthful end of the dead audience, more friendly than their 'skull and lightning bolt' symbol, less poetic than their 'roses' symbology, the dancing bears capture the playful, rhythmic joy that organic music can create, or allow.

      The bears first appeared on the 1971 album cover of "Bear's Choice", by the Grateful Dead, a compilation of material recorded by then-producer Stanley Owsley, who was famous for the quality of acid he created in the sixties. Owsley's nickname was "Bear". The album is largely a tribute to band-member Ron McKernan, aka Pigpen; their harpist/keyboards/vocalist bluesman who had just passed away at the rock and roll age of 27.

      The dancing bears and album cover were illustrated by Anton Kelly and Stanley Mouse, and the likeable image is with us still, kept alive through fan art, as well as official releases of Grateful Dead productions. Anyone wishing they could have seen the Grateful Dead, I urge you to see Phil Lesh and Friends, and Bob Weir and Ratdog. Phil being the Bass player extrordinaire, and Bobby, the vocals and guitarist. They are performing artists at the pinnacle of their artistry today, this is no nostalgia act, it is music, living breathing music. Hope I helped.

      War is over if you want it.

  33. QUESTION:
    What occurs inside a body of a person that abuses diethyl ether?
    I'm talking about someone whos addicted to it

    • ANSWER:
      This is all harmful to ANYONE who does this or even tries it for the 1st time.
      This stuff was never meant for humans to sniff, smell breath in none..Not for humans to inhale this can cause lack of oxygen to the brain and all parts of the body as well. Lack of oxygen called Hypoxia also cause cardiac failure,aspirations, vomits, dangerous behavior's.
      This can cause brain, nerve, liver and even death this does depend on what is being used how often and for how long this has been going on.
      Any way you slice it its a bad idea to do get your friend some help to stop this habit it may save their life.

  34. QUESTION:
    how to get rid of bad breath?
    How do you get rid of bad breath?
    I don't have it but my friend does.

    • ANSWER:
      The first step in determining a solution for bad breath is to try to
      narrow down the source of your Halitosis (smelly breath).

      * Dental problems. Unhealthy dental hygiene and
      periodontal disease can be a source of bad breath. If you don’t
      brush and floss daily, food particles remain in your mouth, collect
      bacteria and emit hydrogen sulfide vapors. Plus, a form of bacteria
      called (plaque) accumulates on your teeth. If not brushed away,
      plaque can irritate your gums (gingivitis) and cause tooth decay.
      Eventually, plaque-filled pockets can form between your teeth and
      gums (periodontitis), making the problem and your breath worse.
      Dentures that aren’t cleaned properly or don’t fit can also harbor
      odor-causing bacteria and food particles.

      * Food. The breakdown of food
      particles in and around your teeth can cause a foul odor. Eating
      foods containing volatile oils is another source of bad breath.
      Onions and garlic are the best-known examples, but other vegetables
      and spices also can cause bad breath. After these foods are digested
      and the pungent oils are absorbed into your bloodstream, they’re
      carried to your lungs and are given off in your breath until the
      food is eliminated from your body. Onions and garlic can cause bad
      breath for as long as 72 hours after you’ve eaten them.

      * Dry mouth. Saliva keeps the
      mouth clean and moist. Dry mouth allows dead cells to accumulate on
      your tongue, gums and cheeks. These cells decompose and cause odor.
      A dry mouth can naturally occur during sleep. This is what causes
      “morning breath.” Dry mouth is even more of a problem if
      you sleep with your mouth open. Some medications as well as smoking
      can lead to a chronic dry mouth, as can a problem with your salivary
      glands.

      * Mouth, nose and throat conditions.
      Bad breath is also associated with sinus infections because nasal
      discharge from your sinuses into the back of your throat can cause
      mouth odor. A child with bad breath may have a foreign object lodged
      in his or her nose. A bean or small item stuck in the nose can cause
      persistent nasal discharge and a foul odor. Throat infections can
      cause bad breath until they clear. Bronchitis and other upper
      respiratory infections in which you cough up odorous sputum are
      other sources of bad breath.

      * Diseases. Chronic lung
      infections and lung abscesses can produce very foul-smelling breath.
      Illnesses, such as some cancers and certain metabolic disorders, can
      cause a distinctive breath odor. Kidney failure can cause a
      urine-like odor, and liver failure may cause an odor described as
      “fishy.” People with uncontrolled diabetes often have a
      fruity breath odor. Chronic reflux of stomach acids from your
      stomach (gastroesophageal reflux disease, or GERD) also has been
      associated with bad breath.

      * Heavy dieting. Dieters may
      develop unpleasant “fruity” breath from ketoacidosis, the
      breakdown of chemicals during fasting.

      * Tobacco products. Smoking
      dries out your mouth and causes its own unpleasant mouth odor.
      Tobacco users are also more likely to have periodontal disease, an
      additional source of bad breath.

  35. QUESTION:
    How do you get rid of bad breath when you brush your teeth atleast 2 times a day?

    • ANSWER:
      What Is It?

      Bad breath is breath that has an unpleasant odor. It's also known as halitosis. This odor can strike from time to time, or it can be long-lasting, depending on the cause.
      Millions of bacteria live in the mouth, particularly on the back of the tongue. In many people, they are the primary causes of bad breath. The mouth's warm, moist conditions are ideal for the growth of these bacteria. Most bad breath is caused by something in the mouth.

      Some types of bad breath are considered to be fairly normal. They usually are not health concerns. One example is "morning mouth." This occurs because of changes in your mouth while you sleep. During the day, saliva washes away decaying food and odors. The body makes less saliva at night. Your mouth becomes dry, and dead cells stick to your tongue and to the inside of your cheeks. When bacteria use these cells for food, they produce a foul odor.

      In addition, bad breath can be caused by the following:

      Poor dental hygiene — Infrequent or improper brushing and flossing, which allows bits of food to decay inside the mouth
      Infections in the mouth — Periodontal (gum) disease
      Respiratory tract infections — Throat, sinus or lung infections
      External agents — Garlic, onions, coffee, cigarette smoking, chewing tobacco
      Dry mouth (xerostomia) — Caused by salivary gland problems, medicines or "mouth breathing"
      Systemic (bodywide) illnesses — Diabetes, liver disease, kidney disease, lung disease, sinus disease, reflux disease and others
      Psychiatric illness — Some people may believe they have bad breath, but others do not notice it. This is referred to as "pseudohalitosis."

      Symptoms

      You may not always know that you have bad breath. That's because odor-detecting cells in the nose eventually get used to the smell. Other people may notice and react by recoiling as you speak.
      Other symptoms depend on the underlying cause of bad breath:

      Poor dental hygiene — Teeth are coated with film or plaque. You may have food trapped between the teeth and pale or swollen gums.

      Infections in the mouth — Symptoms depend on the type of infection. They can include:

      Red or swollen gums that may bleed easily, especially after brushing or flossing
      Pus between teeth or a pocket of pus (abscess) at the base of a tooth
      Loose teeth or a change in how a denture fits
      Painful, open sores on the tongue or gums

      Respiratory tract infections — Sore throat, swollen lymph nodes ("swollen glands") in the neck, fever, stuffy nose, a greenish or yellowish nasal discharge, a mucus-producing cough

      External agents — Cigarette stains on fingers and teeth, a uniform yellow "coffee stain" on teeth

      Dry mouth — Symptoms may include:

      Difficulty swallowing dry foods
      Difficulty speaking for a long time because of mouth dryness
      Burning in the mouth
      An unusually high number of cavities
      Dry eyes (in Sjögren's syndrome)

      Systemic (bodywide) illnesses — Symptoms of diabetes, lung disease, kidney failure or liver disease

      Diagnosis

      A dentist or physician may notice bad breath during an office visit. Sometimes, the smell of the patient's breath may suggest a likely cause for the problem. For example, "fruity" breath may be a sign of uncontrolled diabetes. A urine-like smell, especially in a person who is at high risk of kidney disease, can sometimes indicate kidney failure.
      Your dentist will review your medical history for conditions that can cause bad breath and for medicines that can cause dry mouth. Your dentist also will ask you about your diet, personal habits (smoking, chewing tobacco) and any symptoms. He or she also will ask who noticed the bad breath and when.

      Your dentist will examine your teeth, gums, mouth and salivary glands. He or she also will feel your head and neck and will evaluate your breath when you exhale from your nose and from your mouth.

      Your dentist may refer you to your family physician if a bodywide illness is the most likely cause. In severe cases of gum disease, your dentist may suggest that you see a periodontist (dentist who specializes in gum problems).

      You will need diagnostic tests if the doctor suspects a lung infection, diabetes, kidney disease, liver disease or Sjögren's syndrome. The type of tests you get depends on the suspected illness. You may get blood tests, urine tests, X-rays of the chest or sinuses, or other tests.

      Expected Duration

      How long bad breath lasts depends on its cause. For example, when the problem results from poor dental hygiene, proper dental care will begin to freshen the mouth right away. You'll have even better results after a few days of regular brushing and flossing. Periodontal disease and tooth abscess also respond quickly to proper dental treatment. Bad breath caused by chronic sinusitis may keep coming back, especially if it is caused by a structural abnormality of the sinuses.
      Bad breath that results from a systemic illness may be a long-term problem. It often can be controlled with proper medical care.

      Prevention

      Bad breath caused by dental problems can be prevented easily with proper home and professional care. This means:
      Brushing your teeth, tongue and gums after meals
      Flossing daily
      Rinsing with a mouthwash approved by the American Dental Association (ADA)
      Visiting the dentist regularly (at least twice a year) for an exam and tooth cleaning.
      You also can combat bad breath by drinking plenty of water every day to help your body make saliva. An occasional swish of the mouth with water can loosen bits of food. Other products can help you keep breath fresh and prevent plaque from forming. They include:

      Sugar-free gum
      Sugarless breath mints
      Raw carrots
      Celery

      Treatment

      The treatment of bad breath depends on its cause.

      When To Call a Professional

      Call your dentist promptly if you have bad breath with loose teeth or painful, swollen gums that bleed easily. Also, call your doctor if you have bad breath along with any of the following symptoms:
      Fever
      Sore throat
      Postnasal drip
      Discolored nasal discharge
      Cough that produces mucus
      Even if you have none of these symptoms, call your dentist or physician if your bad breath continues despite a good diet and proper dental hygiene.

      Sometimes bad breath can be a sign that a medical condition needs attention right away. If you have diabetes, gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) or chronic liver or kidney disease, ask your doctor what bad breath may mean for your condition.

      Prognosis

      Once bad breath has been diagnosed, the outlook for fresh breath is usually excellent if you stick to your dentist's or physician's treatment plan.

      Additional Info

      American Dental Association
      211 East Chicago Ave.
      Chicago, IL 60611
      Phone: (312) 440-2500
      Fax: (312) 440-2800
      http://www.ada.org/

  36. QUESTION:
    My cat has abnormally bad breath what could be causing it?
    Ive been told my cat could have stomach problems or worms.

    • ANSWER:
      Cats don't get cavities like you or I do. They DO get gingivitis and periodontal disease, and something called resorptive lesions that eventually cause tooth loss. Those are very painful and definitely need veterinary care. You may not actually see anything, and the vet might not see much until s/he does a dental cleaning and exam under general anesthesia. Anesthesia is necessary because cats and dogs won't hold still for us to thoroughly examine the mouth and treat problems.

      However, bad breath can be caused by many things. Cancers, GI problems, and many other problems can cause bad breath. See your vet right away-- some of these things can get much worse very quickly. If it is periodontal disease, it's VERY important to have that treated. The germs in the mouth can and will enter the bloodstream and migrate to other organs. Over time, this can lead to kidney failure, heart disease, liver problems and even brain infections in some cases. If it's something else, a minor problem, taking care of it will make it more fun to snuggle with your kitty and improve the relationship between your family and your cat.

      See a vet. Don't rely on message boards like this one or any other. Your cat is depending on you!

  37. QUESTION:
    How long after heart failure does a person with codp live? Please help me deal with this?

    • ANSWER:
      There truly is not simple answer to your question - even for your physicians who know your case well.

      As you probably know, congestive heart failure and COPD are two very serious problems and work together to make symptoms worse. This is not a problem where you need to get your affairs in order now because you are not likely to be around in a year. On the contrary people often can live a very long time with these problems. Unfortunately the diseases will cause you to be more and more short of breath - which means you have to keep cutting back your activities.

      Heart failure can be caused from many things - additionally there are different types; right sided failure, left sided failure, and something called diastolic dysfunction. Heart attacks, high blood pressure, valve malfunctions, holes in the heart chamber, COPD, liver disease, chemotherapy, and cardiomyopathy (problem with the heart muscle) are among just some of the things that can cause heart failure either individually or in conjunction with other problems. Know the specifics of your case would be helpful in giving you more of an idea of prognosis...still tricky business as some patients tend to do very well over a long period.

      COPD is commonly secondary to smoking but there can be other sources too...like working in coal mines or have other occupational exposures.

      Regardless these are not disease processes that usually works very fast. People often hang on for years and years, decades with these problems. The trick is to control symptoms (shortness of breath) as much as possible - medication compliance is very important. And we try at all cost to avoid any new heart damage via heart attacks.

      Discuss these concerns with your medical provider. He/she may not be able to quantify "time left" for you but he/she can give you a game plan with the goals they hope to achieve with treatments.

      Good luck.

  38. QUESTION:
    Is there a solution out there to get rid of my dogs BAD breath?
    Any suggestions????

    • ANSWER:
      The most common cause of bad breath is tartar buildup surrounding the teeth. As in people, small particles off food remain in the mouth after eating. These particles decompose creating conditions where oral bacteria thrive. These bacterial grow to form plaque which is a combination of bacteria, mineral and decomposed food. Plaque and associated oral infections give the pet’s breath an objectionable odor. Plaque also clings to the base of teeth causing the gums to become inflamed and recede. Inflamed gums leak blood serum with combines with and increase the amount of plaque. This plaque or calculus is visible as a hard yellowish coating on the outer base of the teeth.

      Remarkably, pets with this condition rarely eat less. Early in the disease, the plaque is no more than a thin brownish or yellowish coating on the sides of the teeth. It is most noticeable on the outer (lateral) surface of the larger molar teeth – the side adjacent to the cheeks and lips. In severe cases the margins where teeth and gums meet become highly inflamed and bleed when they are touched. For reasons we do not understand, these problems are most severe in toy and smaller breeds of dogs and in purebred cats. Maltese have the highest rate of tooth and gum disease of all breeds.

      This buildup of calculus causes the gum margins to recedes past the tooth enamel exposing the softer dentine material that covers the tooth roots. Dentine is much more porous and rougher than enamel and so holds infection in place. Once dentine is exposed periodic tooth care must be done more frequently and the teeth are eventually lost. This is why successful tooth care and good dental hygiene needs to begin early before these processes are advanced.

      Other Causes of Bad Breath in Dogs
      Immature pets that are in the process of shedding their “baby” teeth often drool and have bad breath. This is a transient problem. Some times it is accompanied by fever. Brushing these pets’ mouths with a dilute baking soda solution gives them relief and minimizes the odor.

      In older pets, disease of the kidneys and liver often affect the mouth. These pets are often thin and frail. When I suspect that a pet with halitosis has major organ failure I run diagnostic liver enzyme levels as well as blood urea nitrogen and creatinine levels to check kidney function. Pets with organ damage require extra special care when tending to their teeth. Anesthesia during dental prophylaxis must be administered lightly and with special care. Often I place these pets on antibiotics after I clean their teeth as well as on special diets engineered to help failing organs
      As kidney and liver disease can lead to dental disease; dental disease can lead to disease of the kidney and liver. Tartar accumulation around the teeth allows harmful bacteria to proliferate. These bacteria occasionally break loose and enter the pet’s circulation. Once in the blood stream, they lodge in crevices with the kidneys and liver and on the valves of the heart. Liver inflammation as well as scarred, poorly functioning kidneys are the result of bacteria lodging in these organs. When the heart valves are attacked by bacteria they shrink and scar causing blood to flow in the wrong direction. This is why it is common for dogs and cats with severe dental disease to have heart murmurs. It is not unusual for these murmurs to go away once the pet’s dental problems are treated.

      Dogs and cats with chronic dental problems often drool. This wetness and the infection associated with tooth infections may cause the lips and the skin folds surrounding the lips to become inflamed. Once the teeth are cleaned these problems resolve.

      Treatment of Bad Breath with dogs and cats
      1) Yearly Checkups
      Even if you do not give yearly booster vaccinations it is wise to take your pet to a veterinarian yearly to get a general checkup that includes a dental exam. The older your pet is the more important early exams become.

      2) Diet
      To retard the formation of plaque feed your pet a name brand dry commercial pet food. The crunchy biscuits help massage gums and wear away tartar. Some brands, like Friskys, market dental diets engineered to minimize plaque and massage the gums. Other brands incorporate enzymes to dissolve plaque. One of the worst things you can do to your pet’s teeth is to feed canned diets. The build up of plaque in pets fed soft, canned diets is very rapid. In a Duke University study, it was found that feeding cow tracheas (windpipes) with a little meat attached kept dogs teeth in great condition. Other investigations in research dog colonies fount that feeding oxtails once a week prevented serious periodontal disease.

      3) Treats
      Feeding chewy treats, bones, rawhide and treats impregnated with enzymes minimize dental plaque. Nylon bones work equally as well if the pet accepts them. Dog biscuits are of no value in preventing tartar buildup.

      If you give your pet real bones be sure they are heavy shin and shank bones. Dogs and cats do better chewing on bones if they start when they are puppies and kittens. Do not give your pet chicken bones.

      4) Brushing teeth
      Brushing your pet’s teeth is the most important thing you can to maintain healthy teeth and gums. Use a child’s toothbrush and meat or malt favored toothpaste designed for animals. Use a very small amount of toothpaste – it is the brushing that is important – and concentrate on the gum margins. . If you start when your pet is a puppy or kitten the pet will not dislike the procedure. Even older pets learn to accept the toothbrush. bad breath teeth dog cat halitosis

      5) Mouth wash and sprays
      Veterinary hospitals and pet supply out lets sell chlorhexidine sprays and mouthwashes that contain enzymes that dissolve plaque and help reduce bacteria. They are not nearly as effective as brushing the teeth but are better than no home care.

      Manual tartar removal
      If your pet has a placid temperament it is not difficult to scrap the tartar from the teeth and clean under the margins of the gums at home. Many pet professionals perform excellent tooth cleaning at home eliminating the need to have their pet anesthetized at a veterinary clinic. Your veterinarian or a pet supply catalog is a good source for a tartar-scraping tool. The best ones are double ended, one end suitable for the right and the other for the left hand side of the mouth.

      Ultrasonic cleaning
      Because the whine of the ultrasonic machine is distressing to most animals, this procedure is performed with general anesthetic or heavy tranquilization. Since it is often older patients, many of whom have heart disease, that need the procedure, I keep them under very light anesthetic.

      Removal of diseased teeth
      Once the ligaments that fasten teeth to the bone of the jaw have been damaged by periodontal disease ultrasonic cleaning will not heal them. Mildly loose teeth can sometimes be preserved by cleaning and several weeks of doxycycline therapy either with oral tablets or oral patches. Severely loose teeth are best removed. Dogs and cats do very well with few remaining teeth. Problems are more in the minds of owners due to fear than to any difficulties experienced by the pets.

      Tooth restorations
      Some veterinarians and dentists specialize in crowns for damaged pet teeth. Other than for attack dogs, this is a purely cosmetic procedure satisfying the owner, not the pet. I suggest you spend the money on your pets in other ways – such as a trips with your pet to the country or the park and contributions to your local Humane Society.

      http://www.thepetprofessor.com/articles/article.aspx?id=180

  39. QUESTION:
    is there a disease that makes it feel like there is poison in your breath? My mouth has strong taste?
    my mouth has a strong taste, like poison and I don't know why. There is no change to my dental hygiene routine in case you want to know. Just recently this strong poisonous taste.

    • ANSWER:
      that is very interesting. i don't know what it really does mean in the eye of a medical practitioner, but if u r suffering from this bad breath it is known medically as halitosis. for halitosis there are so many reasons. just check it out: -
      IN GENERAL
      1. Certain foods like garlic, onions etc.
      2. Alcohol (do u drink regularly?)
      3. Smoking (r u a smoker?)
      4. Psychogenic halitosis - anxiety about halitosis often without actually having it. (r us sure u don't have it?)

      DENTAL CONDITIONS
      1. Poor dental hygiene
      2. Dental disorders
      3. Tooth decay
      4. Dental plaque
      5. Tooth abscess
      6. Tooth infections (type of Dental conditions)
      7. Gingivitis
      8. Gum disease
      9. Periodontitis
      10. Dentures
      r u sure u don't have any of these problems?

      MOUTH CONDITIONS
      1. Pyorrhea alveolaris
      2. Dry mouth
      3. Mouth breathing
      4. Mouth ulcers
      5. Oral cancer
      6. Pharynx cancer
      7. Larynx cancer

      THROAT CONDITIONS
      1. GERD
      2. Throat infection (see Sore throat)
      3. Tonsillitis
      4. Chronic tonsillitis
      5. Adenoiditis
      6. Pharyngeal pouch
      7. Achalasia
      8. Esophageal stricture
      check these things out by some ENT specialsist or gastroenterologist.

      NASAL CONDITIONS
      1. Chronic sinusitis
      2. Atrophic rhinitis
      3. Postnasal drip
      4. Catarrh
      5. Certain infections of the respiratory system including:
      6. Respiratory tract infections (type of Nosocomial infections)
      7. Lung infection
      8. Sinusitis
      9.Catarrh
      10. Certain chronic lung diseases
      11.Bronchiectasis
      12. Cystic fibrosis
      13. Lung abscess
      14. Tuberculosis

      OTHER CONDITIONS
      Certain metabolic or hormonal disorders:
      Liver disorders
      Liver failure - causes sweet-smelling breath.
      Acidosis
      Diabetes
      Diabetic ketoacidosis - a life-threating condition causing a characteristic fruity or acetone breath odor.
      Uremia - breath smells urine-like or ammonia-like.
      Kidney failure - causing uremia and ammonia-like or urine-like breath odor.
      Stomach disorders
      Certain types of poisoning
      Certain drugs

      B sure u don't have any of these conditions. Plz consult ur consultant physician for a proper evaluation.

  40. QUESTION:
    if someone has a torn liver, kidney failure, and is on life support, is there a good chance theyll make it?
    My friend just got in a car accident and is now in the hospital in critical condition and on life support. I'm afraid about whether he will make it or not.

    • ANSWER:
      I am a paramedic and I see a lot of accidents. I have seen some that I thought would never pull out of it and in a few weeks I was shaking their hands at Wal-mart. On the other hand I have seen patients that were walking around after a wreck and refusing to go to the hospital fall out and take their last breath. So it is hard to say he will make it or not. However the world of medicine will blow your mind.
      It sounds like your friend is in a bad situation. Keep your hopes up and go see him when you can and take as much as you can to him, bring up old memories and laugh when you remember the funny things you and him use to do and say.
      If he does pass away you will know that the last days you had with him were special and he will know how much he ment to you and that he changed your life.

  41. QUESTION:
    Can sinusitis cause bad breath? How will i treat my bad breath problem? I lost my self confidence.?

    • ANSWER:
      The first step in determining a solution for bad breath is to try to
      narrow down the source of your Halitosis (smelly breath).

      * Dental problems. Unhealthy dental hygiene and
      periodontal disease can be a source of bad breath. If you don’t
      brush and floss daily, food particles remain in your mouth, collect
      bacteria and emit hydrogen sulfide vapors. Plus, a form of bacteria
      called (plaque) accumulates on your teeth. If not brushed away,
      plaque can irritate your gums (gingivitis) and cause tooth decay.
      Eventually, plaque-filled pockets can form between your teeth and
      gums (periodontitis), making the problem and your breath worse.
      Dentures that aren’t cleaned properly or don’t fit can also harbor
      odor-causing bacteria and food particles.

      * Food. The breakdown of food
      particles in and around your teeth can cause a foul odor. Eating
      foods containing volatile oils is another source of bad breath.
      Onions and garlic are the best-known examples, but other vegetables
      and spices also can cause bad breath. After these foods are digested
      and the pungent oils are absorbed into your bloodstream, they’re
      carried to your lungs and are given off in your breath until the
      food is eliminated from your body. Onions and garlic can cause bad
      breath for as long as 72 hours after you’ve eaten them.

      * Dry mouth. Saliva keeps the
      mouth clean and moist. Dry mouth allows dead cells to accumulate on
      your tongue, gums and cheeks. These cells decompose and cause odor.
      A dry mouth can naturally occur during sleep. This is what causes
      “morning breath.” Dry mouth is even more of a problem if
      you sleep with your mouth open. Some medications as well as smoking
      can lead to a chronic dry mouth, as can a problem with your salivary
      glands.

      * Mouth, nose and throat conditions.
      Bad breath is also associated with sinus infections because nasal
      discharge from your sinuses into the back of your throat can cause
      mouth odor. A child with bad breath may have a foreign object lodged
      in his or her nose. A bean or small item stuck in the nose can cause
      persistent nasal discharge and a foul odor. Throat infections can
      cause bad breath until they clear. Bronchitis and other upper
      respiratory infections in which you cough up odorous sputum are
      other sources of bad breath.

      * Diseases. Chronic lung
      infections and lung abscesses can produce very foul-smelling breath.
      Illnesses, such as some cancers and certain metabolic disorders, can
      cause a distinctive breath odor. Kidney failure can cause a
      urine-like odor, and liver failure may cause an odor described as
      “fishy.” People with uncontrolled diabetes often have a
      fruity breath odor. Chronic reflux of stomach acids from your
      stomach (gastroesophageal reflux disease, or GERD) also has been
      associated with bad breath.

      * Heavy dieting. Dieters may
      develop unpleasant “fruity” breath from ketoacidosis, the
      breakdown of chemicals during fasting.

      * Tobacco products. Smoking
      dries out your mouth and causes its own unpleasant mouth odor.
      Tobacco users are also more likely to have periodontal disease, an
      additional source of bad breath.

  42. QUESTION:
    What are the beginning signs of cirrhosis of the liver?

    • ANSWER:
      for most people the first sign will be fatigue (of well who is not fatigued?) so you may as well forget that one. Lack of appetite is the first real sign, and not eating accelerates the process of cirrhosis, because it puts a new load on your liver: breaking down your own body for protein and repackaging all the wastes that creates.

      The drinking belly getting bigger while the arms and legs get skinnier is a BAD thing.

      between a collection of family members who have eventually died of complications of cirrhosis or multi-organ failure starting with cirrhosis, i can tell you the first signs that they were going to be killing themselves here shortly with their habits was a smell very much like nail polish on their breath late in the evening, after drinking, and easy bruising, red palms of the hands.

      I hope you do not need to know this for personal reasons, or because of a loved one. Cirrhosis and heart failure due to ascetes is about the slowest nastiest way for a person to kill themselves that i have ever seen.

  43. QUESTION:
    what are the effects of the abuse of weed and cigarettes and second hand smoke how does it affect your ability?
    i need to know this for a paper how does weed cigarettes or second hand smoke effect your ability to think or learn

    • ANSWER:
      Lung cancer, you die early, you can kill people around you, brain cancer, heart failure, liver cancer, skin cancer, emphesema, eye problems, you can drown in your own flem, get a hole in your throat so you can breathe, you get out of breath easily, bad heart rate (heart problems), worst of all you are going to die.

  44. QUESTION:
    What are the disadvantages of being overweight?

    • ANSWER:
      Obesity is the excessive accumulation of body fat caused by obesity and is divided into two major categories of secondary obesity. Obesity is generally referred to obesity, the body weight exceeds the standard weight of 20% can be called obese.

      Obesity not only affects the work, life, beauty, and certain hazardous to health. World Health Organization has obesity as disease, is the following cardiovascular diseases and cancer threat to human health after the third enemy. Obesity prone to hypertension, coronary heart disease, fatty liver, diabetes, high cholesterol, gout and gallstones disease ... ...
      Obese patients through clinical testing, most patients with endocrine disorders, particularly hyperinsulinemia, abnormal glucose tolerance test, sex hormone disorders, high glucocorticoid, leptin increased and so, young people also easily lead to obesity inability of obese reproductive disorders (impotence); early treatment of obesity, the incidence of these diseases on the cut of great significance.
      The dangers of obesity:
      1. Reduce the quality of life, of labor, and vulnerable to trauma. Obesity, often afraid of the heat, love sweating, fatigue, lower extremity edema, skin folds susceptible to dermatitis, varicose veins, severe obesity, people, slow, walking difficulties, little activities will flustered shortness of breath, which affects normal life, more serious and even lead to the loss of labor. Too much body fat, affecting the sex hormone balance. Showed male sexual dysfunction, impotence. Women showed irregular menstruation, infertility and so on. Because obesity operations and slow response, and vulnerable to all kinds of trauma, car accident, causing fracture or sprain.

      2. Prone to coronary heart disease, high blood pressure and even death Quintet.

      Obese fat tissue increased, oxygen consumption increased, the burden of the heart, cardiac hypertrophy, hypertension over time. Fat deposition in the arterial wall, resulting in luminal narrowing, sclerosis, high incidence of coronary heart disease, stroke. If an obese accompanied by coronary heart disease, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, diabetes mellitus (non-insulin-dependent) and cerebral vascular accident is referred to as "death Quintet", if not promptly take effective measures, death will come soon .

      3. The adverse effects on lung function.

      Lung function is to supply oxygen to the body and eliminate carbon dioxide. Obesity due to weight gain, need more oxygen, but not correspondingly increased lung function. At the same time the accumulation of abdominal fat obesity, increased intra-abdominal pressure, diaphragmatic elevation and pleural pressure increased to limit the lung respiratory function, it can cause hypoxia. Manifested as lethargy, cyanosis, dyspnea, polycythemia, right ventricular hypertrophy, leading to heart and lung failure. This is a special kind of heart disease, also known as bad breath syndrome or pulmonary syndrome, also known as horse establish conditions under which Kerr's syndrome. Without timely treatment, the mortality rate of up to 25%. Obesity but also because of excess accumulation of fat around the neck during sleep caused by periodic tracheal occlusion, the formation of insomnia or sleep deprivation syndrome.

  45. QUESTION:
    DKA Diabetic keto acidosis. Has this ever happend to you and whats it like?
    tell me about you experiences going through this. What happend and how bad does it hurt?

    • ANSWER:
      It make you feel like a total pile of sh-t.

      You are too tired to move, and too sick not to. You brain is foggy from the ketones building up, and you don't think straight, so you dont; THINK you have DKA! It doesn;t ereally hurt to bad, but you know you feel like sh-t, and in actuality you just want to f--ing DIE!

      if left untreated, you will eventually pass out. Pray that you are either at home or in a public place so that you can get some kind of immediaetely medical care! Passing out is the LAST stage before death.

      In the mean time, the ketones are building up in your system. These chemical are a by-product of the digestion of proteins. There is always a TINY amount in your system, which get filtered out by your kidneys.

      But in diabetes, the glucose in your blood can't get to the cells because you have little or no insulin. Even though you are on overloaded, glucose wise, you CELLS are screaming "STARVATION STARVATION!!!" When you get into starvation mode, your body start sto act like those skinny kids in Africa, and your body starts to digest MUSCLE (not fat!). And YOUR muscles are pure protein!

      So, not only do you lose weight, you lose muscle mass, and you get physically weaker. It is an extreme effort to even walk! And your breath smells funny as the ketones leak out through your lungs. Doctors describe this as smelling like almonds, or "fruity" breath. All those keytones building up in there eventually turn you blood into an acidic state, which further damages EVERYTHING in your body.

      In the mean time, the ketones are DESTROYING you kidney, liver, heart, eyes, sex organs, and brain. MOST of this damage is permanent! Even after you get medical treatment, the damage is done, and kidney damage is a VERY prominent side effect. You can expect a permanent reduction in eyesight, the doctor may find heart or circulation damage, and a man may come up with Erectile Dysfunction.

      Coming OUT od DKA REQUIRES EMERGENCY medical attention. Sodium Bicarb IVS are needed to lower the blood acidity. Extra filtering, possibly dialysis, is needed to filTer out the ketones. and insulin injections and dietary controls are required to get the blood sugar down AND KEEP IT DOWN.

      With out proper EMERGENCY medical attention, the result is death, USUALLY by kidney failure, usually in 1-2 weeks.

  46. QUESTION:
    How could you tell that you may be having kidney problem?

    • ANSWER:
      Many people who have chronic kidney disease don't know it, because the early signs can be very subtle. It can take many years to go from chronic kidney disease (CKD) to kidney failure. Some people with CKD live out their lives without ever reaching kidney failure.

      However, for people at any stage of kidney disease, knowledge is power. Knowing the symptoms of kidney disease can help you get the treatment you need to feel your best. If you or someone you know has one or more of the following symptoms of kidney disease, or you are worried about kidney problems, see a doctor for blood and urine tests. Remember, many of the symptoms can be due to reasons other than kidney disease. The only way to know the cause of your symptoms is to see your doctor.

      Symptom 1: Changes in Urination
      Kidneys make urine, so when the kidneys are failing, the urine may change. How?

      You may have to get up at night to urinate.
      Urine may be foamy or bubbly. You may urinate more often, or in greater amounts than usual, with pale urine.
      You may urinate less often, or in smaller amounts than usual with dark colored urine.
      Your urine may contain blood.
      You may feel pressure or have difficulty urinating.

      Symptom 2: Swelling
      Failing kidneys don't remove extra fluid, which builds up in your body causing swelling in the legs, ankles, feet, face, and/or hands.

      Symptom 3: Fatigue
      Healthy kidneys make a hormone called erythropoietin (a-rith'-ro-po'-uh-tin) that tells your body to make oxygen-carrying red blood cells. As the kidneys fail, they make less erythropoietin. With fewer red blood cells to carry oxygen, your muscles and brain become tired very quickly. This condition is called anemia, and it can be treated.

      Symptom 4: Skin Rash/Itching
      Kidneys remove wastes from the bloodstream. When the kidneys fail, the buildup of wastes in your blood can cause severe itching.

      Symptom 5: Metallic Taste in Mouth/Ammonia Breath
      A buildup of wastes in the blood (called uremia) can make food taste different and cause bad breath. You may also notice that you stop liking to eat meat, or that you are losing weight because you just don't feel like eating.

      Symptom 6: Nausea and Vomiting
      A severe buildup of wastes in the blood (uremia) can also cause nausea and vomiting. Loss of appetite can lead to weight loss.

      Symptom 7: Shortness of Breath
      Trouble catching your breath can be related to the kidneys in two ways. First, extra fluid in the body can build up in the lungs. And second, anemia (a shortage of oxygen-carrying red blood cells) can leave your body oxygen-starved and short of breath

      Symptom 8: Feeling Cold
      Anemia can make you feel cold all the time, even in a warm room

      Symptom 9: Dizziness and Trouble Concentrating
      Anemia related to kidney failure means that your brain is not getting enough oxygen. This can lead to memory problems, trouble with concentration, and dizziness.

      Symptom 10: Leg/Flank Pain
      Some people with kidney problems may have pain in the back or side related to the affected kidney. Polycystic kidney disease, which causes large, fluid-filled cysts on the kidneys and sometimes the liver, can cause pain.

  47. QUESTION:
    What are the symptoms of early kidney disease?

    • ANSWER:
      10 Symptoms of Kidney Disease
      Many people who have chronic kidney disease don't know it, because the early signs can be very subtle. It can take many years to go from chronic kidney disease (CKD) to kidney failure. Some people with CKD live out their lives without ever reaching kidney failure.

      However, for people at any stage of kidney disease, knowledge is power. Knowing the symptoms of kidney disease can help you get the treatment you need to feel your best. If you or someone you know has one or more of the following symptoms of kidney disease, or you are worried about kidney problems, see a doctor for blood and urine tests. Remember, many of the symptoms can be due to reasons other than kidney disease. The only way to know the cause of your symptoms is to see your doctor.

      Symptom 1: Changes in Urination
      Kidneys make urine, so when the kidneys are failing, the urine may change. How?

      ■You may have to get up at night to urinate.
      ■Urine may be foamy or bubbly. You may urinate more often, or in greater amounts than usual, with pale urine.
      ■You may urinate less often, or in smaller amounts than usual with dark colored urine.
      ■Your urine may contain blood.
      ■You may feel pressure or have difficulty urinating.

      Symptom 2: Swelling
      Failing kidneys don't remove extra fluid, which builds up in your body causing swelling in the legs, ankles, feet, face, and/or hands.

      Symptom 3: Fatigue
      Healthy kidneys make a hormone called erythropoietin (a-rith'-ro-po'-uh-tin) that tells your body to make oxygen-carrying red blood cells. As the kidneys fail, they make less erythropoietin. With fewer red blood cells to carry oxygen, your muscles and brain become tired very quickly. This condition is called anemia, and it can be treated.

      Symptom 4: Skin Rash/Itching
      Kidneys remove wastes from the bloodstream. When the kidneys fail, the buildup of wastes in your blood can cause severe itching.

      Symptom 5: Metallic Taste in Mouth/Ammonia Breath
      A buildup of wastes in the blood (called uremia) can make food taste different and cause bad breath. You may also notice that you stop liking to eat meat, or that you are losing weight because you just don't feel like eating.

      Symptom 6: Nausea and Vomiting
      A severe buildup of wastes in the blood (uremia) can also cause nausea and vomiting. Loss of appetite can lead to weight loss.

      Symptom 7: Shortness of Breath
      Trouble catching your breath can be related to the kidneys in two ways. First, extra fluid in the body can build up in the lungs. And second, anemia (a shortage of oxygen-carrying red blood cells) can leave your body oxygen-starved and short of breath.

      Symptom 8: Feeling Cold
      Anemia can make you feel cold all the time, even in a warm room.

      Symptom 9: Dizziness and Trouble Concentrating
      Anemia related to kidney failure means that your brain is not getting enough oxygen. This can lead to memory problems, trouble with concentration, and dizziness.

      Symptom 10: Leg/Flank Pain
      Some people with kidney problems may have pain in the back or side related to the affected kidney. Polycystic kidney disease, which causes large, fluid-filled cysts on the kidneys and sometimes the liver, can cause pain.

  48. QUESTION:
    Why Does my Cat have yellow skin, bad breath, and is lathargic?
    Oreo, a male cat of mine, has been eating, but his ksin is yellow, i noticed over a while ago, but he just seems very sleepy and tired today and isnt moving much. My friend suggested that maybe i should take him to the vet come morning. Normally He's a lazy bum, but comes when called for. Today he didnt come when i called but he looked at me. I was happy when he ate but im still really scared... if it was contagious the other cats would have caught it already... He's always been funny looking and kindof stupid acting but today he's not himself. Im really scared.. any idea what it could be? i want to know what questions to ask my vet.

    • ANSWER:
      With yellow skin, I'm worried about liver failure. You may want to take him to an animal hospital. This could be really serious.

  49. QUESTION:
    can you get all the daily vitamins you need from food and not from a multivitamin?
    is it possible?

    • ANSWER:
      Yes and no...

      YES, because you should get all the daily vitamins you need from food IF you eat healthy (but if you do not eat healthy, you cannot absorb vitamins coming from a pill as you don’t eat the food that usually contains it) and IF you have no special needs like IF your doctor does not tell you that you need ONE vitamin supplement because you have a genetic problem that makes it hard for you to process some specific vitamin so you get a vitamin deficiency (that makes you sick in some way...which is why you consulted a doctor who ran some tests) and then you’re told that you need to take more of that vitamin as a supplement...while still eating the food that contains it or you could not absorb it...so then the answer to your question is NO.
      (not anything to do with multivitamins).

      Also pregnant women (and the ones trying) are prescribed special vitamins supplement by their doctors that can prevent some birth defects and help the pregnancy. A healthy baby in the womb of his/her mother will take all the vitamins/minerals s/he needs and leaves her with not much so she ends up with a lot of vitamins deficiency symptoms. Like they say...one child, one tooth (you get one cavity, even if you brush/floss and take calcium and fluoride).

      It’s like people who do not eat fish and think they can get their Omega 3-6-9 in capsules (fish oil pills).
      Your body cannot absorb those unless they come with the food that they are supposed to come with.
      Vitamins/nutrients are part of a whole system working together since hundreds of thousands of years of human evolution. You cannot single them out. Your body cannot absorb them unless they come with the food they’re supposed to be in.

      Some vitamins supplements in pills...you just pee them out (all the water soluble Bs and the C). Some you store as body fat (the fat soluble A, D, E and K) but fish oil...you BURP them out! Not only that but you get nasty smelly burps/fishy breath, without even eating fish. You don’t even get fishy breath when you eat fish (as you don’t reject the nutrients).
      People who do not eat fish should eat more nuts, oil seeds, eggs…Flaxseed oil will have 6 times more Omega 3 than fish oil.

      Only take a vitamin supplement if your doctor prescribes it for a special need you might have.
      Taking whatever vitamins you can grab is usually either useless (expensive pee) or harmful (toxicity symptoms).

      Toxicity symptoms can give you annoying headaches and/or loss of appetite (A, D), nausea and/or vomiting (A, Selenium, Zinc), heartburn, diarrhea (B5, C, Selenium), intestinal irritation (Selenium, Zinc), joint pain and/or hair loss and/or dry skin/hair + cracked lips (A), skin rash, vascular dilatation = red face (Niacin), irritability (Selenium), fatigue/weakness (D, Selenium), numbness (B6), water retention (B5, Sodium), high blood pressure (Sodium), weakened immune system (Zinc) and really more than annoying kidney stone (C, Calcium), ulcers (Niacin), liver damage (A, Niacin), congestive heart failure and cardiac arrest (Potassium)…and this is nothing compared to what they can do when combined with drugs and medicines.

      Death is the toxicity symptom of excessive intake of iron and only when popping iron supplements or multi-vitamins containing iron, like they’re candies, by unsupervised kids who got access to vitamins that are not in child proof containers and mistook them for candies.
      Vitamins supplements containing iron should be in child proof containers. Other multi-vitamins pills should not contain iron. Nobody who’s eating a healthy diet needs iron supplements (one cup of beans or half a cup of prune juice would cover half of my daily need).
      Iron supplement should be separate and prescribed by a doctor, like for pregnant women (who would better hide their stash from their other kids).

      On the bright side, deficiency symptoms are worse than toxicity symptoms (except in the case of iron toxicity which causes death or potassium toxicity...).
      Deficiency symptoms cause night blindness, xerophthalmia, hyperkeratosis, depression, beriberi, Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome (mental confusion, amnesia, muscular incoordination), hypochondria, burning and itching of the eyes, sensitivity to light, infertility, anemia, epilepsy, dermatitis, anorexia, glossitis, scurvy, bruises, rickets, osteomalacia, osteoporosis, impaired growth, damage to the brain and spinal cord, constipation, caries (lack of fluoride), mental retardation, enlargement of the thyroid gland (goiter), abnormalities in heart rhythm, coma, pellagra (dermatitis, diarrhea and dementia), bone loss and pain, drowsiness and irrational behavior, cardiomyopathy, muscular discomfort and cramps...

      When you know all that, you just want to eat a healthy, balanced diet.

  50. QUESTION:
    Why do I have bad breath?
    Every morning I wake up, and I have really bad breath. I brush my teeth two times a day, also my tongue and the rest of my mouth. So why do I have really bad breath? I have also noticed that even after I brush my teeth my breath still stinks.....HELP!

    • ANSWER:
      Most common causes of halitosis are actually found in the mouth itself – a bad tooth or abscess, tartar formation, mouth ulcers, inflamed and infected gums or decayed food caught between the teeth.
      ·
      Empty stomach, digestive disorders like infection of the digestive tract, constipation and infection of the stomach are some digestion related problems that make up the second most common list of causes of halitosis.
      ·
      The other usual suspects are smoking and alcohol
      ·
      Other lesser known causes of bad breath include diabetes, uremia, liver failure, chronic chest infections and sinusitis.
      ·
      Garlic and curry, and other similarly spiced up foods which basically contain onion, hot peppers and other spices. Spices tend to stay and re-circulate through essential oils they leave in your mouth.
      ·
      Cheese – It gets a hold on your breath and doesn’t let it go. Sometimes, other dairy products too are responsible for bad breath.
      ·
      Fish like tuna and anchovies, and spicy deli meats like salami and pepperoni also leave their respective peculiar smell long after you have had them.

      While there are plenty of short-term products such as gums and fresheners on the market, most do not last more than a couple of hours and tend to only mask the bad breath rather than address underlying causes.

      For this reason, many people are now turning to natural herbal and homeopathic ingredients such as Kali. Phos, Silica and Sweet Fennel to successfully help them with halitosis. Kali. Phos is well known for its antiseptic and cleansing properties and is effective at addressing putrefactive conditions such as halitosis, foul smelling flatulence and stools.

      Silica works by cleansing the cells of toxins and ridding the body of bad odors, while addressing some of the underlying causes of bad breath such as gum disease, sinus infections and mouth abscess. Lastly, sweet fennel has a long history of use for treating digestion problems and is a popular aid to sweeten the breath.

      You may get details on these remedies over here http://www.healthherbsandnutrition.com/remedies/h/halitosis.htm

bad breath liver failure